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3 - 18:48 Socialpurity/moralpuritycampaign o Impact:

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Gender and Domestic Relations  18:48 Period after Reconstruction-  Roosevelt was president Decline in the birth rate   concerned people Diversity in population because of immigration  “Social purity/moral purity” campaign o Impact: Women shouldn’t be using birth control   it must be stopped!  o Birth control becomes an obscenity  Divorce is added to the problem- it’s much easier to get a divorce o Family instability becomes an issue to people  o Divorce was sinful to some religious people  o The idea of the “priceless” child  o Shift from father custody to mother custody in the 19 th  century, children go  through stages of development and need mother care  o Law was intervening in family decisions like it never had before  Charles Knowlton wrote “Fruits of Philosophy” (1832)  o Talked about population control   different ways women could exercise  birth control o Wanted to make people more knowledgeable and the book was popular o Charged with obscenity- undermining public morals!  o When he died in 1850, the book died out too  o “Free Thinkers” after the Civil War decided to publish it again and they  were also prosecuted in 1880s  The book became more popular because of the controversy
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Attempts to outlaw this book because it would make people more sinful  Moral Purity movement  o Anthony Comstock was the most famous advocate  A failed businessman  Became a leader of the movement to “get rid of sin in public”  Got in with some political people in the Senate and got the Comstock  passed  “Little Comstock” law passed in States  o The Comstock law wasn’t just about sex/birth control- it was about  gambling too! Lottery and lottery tickets!  Social impact of lotteries: Destroys work ethic, people become  impoverished, working class guy would spend all his wages and spend  them all. Protecting the working man and the family! In the Bible, 
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