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Unformatted text preview: Article 1 Section 2- Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned by adding to the number of free persons Choate President of the Bar of NY thought an assault on capitalism was taking place- Why is an income tax important?- 16 th Amendment Government can tax income from whatever source derived- Wanted to protect property and certain amounts of freedom Difference between substantive and procedural due process Slaughterhouse (1873) First case that upheld the 14 th Amendment- Court upheld the monopoly that was created- Procedural Due Process Substantive Due Process Opinion of Bradley in Slaughterhouse - Whether the law took away the procedural gifts- What is the impact and is this reasonable does it effect property o Look how it was done look at the impact of what the impact was State constitution States must balance their budgets Federal Government does not have to- Declare bankruptcy, not repudiating your debt, you reschedule your debt and some of them are waved or minimized but not completely gone Munn v. Illinois (1877) After Great Chicago Fire shortages of grain in cities, and some bankers got together to figure out how to make money out of this- Decided to buy all the grain they could find and stockpile all the grain in the grain elevators (only the bankers knowing how much they had) and prices would go up because of the shortage in grain- State Legislator passed a law that regulated prices charged by the grain elevator...
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This note was uploaded on 09/27/2011 for the course HIST 169 taught by Professor Berry during the Spring '10 term at UPenn.
- Spring '10