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April 8 - Lecture 21 Anxiety Disorders GABA the Anxiolytics...

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Lecture 21 4/8/08 Anxiety Disorders, GABA & the Anxiolytics, The Play Within the Play Today’s Lecture 1. The Anxiety Disorders 2. The Physiology of Anxiety, GABA & Benzoid Receptors 3. Psychotherapy for Anxiety 4. The Conscience of the King Three component Model of Anxiety - the things you see are only that because you perceive it as such - a body experience, your body immediately senses danger and reacts (adrenaline) - you can also be afraid of the idea of something, before an interview, nothing may happen you physically but your body reacts the same way as if there was a physical threat, your body doesn’t know the difference between a psychological and a physical danger - anxiety disorder- constant stress Anxiety disorders - Phobias- intense irrational fears - Generalized Anxiety Disorder- chronic state of anxiety that is not elevated by rational thinking, often treated by psychotherapy or medication - Panic Attacks- can develop into disorder - Panic Disorder - Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia- panic generalizes and then they stay home because they tend to not have panic attacks at home, debilitating - Social Anxiety Disorder- fear of social situations - Obsessive Compulsive Disorder- can be thinking or behavior, always about anxiety, all defenses are driven by anxiety - Eating Disorders- always about anxiety, body image and social norms feed into it but they engage in these behaviors to reduce anxiety about their image o Anorexia, Bulimia - Body Dysmorphic Disorder- obsessive body builders, exercise obsessively to get the body to look a certain way
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- Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Facts - an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical harm occurred or was threatened. Traumatic events that may trigger PTSD include violent personal assaults, natural or human-caused disasters, accidents, or military combat. - Among those who may experience PTSD are military troops who served in the Vietnam and Gulf Wars; rescue workers involved in the aftermath of disasters like the terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, D.C.; survivors of the Oklahoma City bombing; survivors of accidents, rape, physical and sexual abuse, and other crimes; immigrants fleeing violence in their countries; survivors of the 1994 California earthquake, the 1997 North and South Dakota floods, and hurricanes Hugo and Andrew; and people who witness traumatic events. Family members of victims also can develop the disorder. PTSD can occur in people of any age, including
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