Unformatted text preview: nting gives a great impression of scale, as well: from the size of the people you can see how enormous a building this is. Just to give you some idea, the oculus—the round circle cut in the center of the dome—is 27 feet across. The space enclosed by the Pantheon is almost spherical: it consists of a cylindrical space 141 feet 8 inches in diameter and above it is a hemisphere with the same diameter. A diagram in your book showThe
distance from the floor to the oculus is the same as the diameter of the interior. The Pantheon dome was the largest in the world until the fifteenthcentury!
The interior wall had seven exedrae or niches in it that originally housed statues of the gods—each one is preceded by a pair of columns. Between the exedrae are spaces for additional statuary: pedestals with architectural canopies over them. These serve to make the interior wall seem very light, disguising the structural support of the massive dome above. Similarly, the veneer of colored marble on the second story breaks up the wall into a series of complex shapes and colors and makes it appear less solid....
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2011 for the course PL SC 101 taught by Professor Web during the Summer '11 term at Penn State.
- Summer '11