Exam 4 Review

Exam 4 Review - Voting Rights o Left up to the states at...

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Voting Rights o Left up to the states at the constitutional convention o Only within the last 25 years that US reached an overwhelming consensus that every adult American citizen has right to vote o More amendments have been added to the constitution extending the right to vote (suffrage) than any other subject o Amendments 12 th -changed the electoral college 15 th -eliminated race as a barrier to voting 17 th -began the direct election of US senators 19 th -removed gender as a voting restriction 23 rd -DC gets 3 electoral college votes 24 th -eliminates the poll tax (fed only) 26 th - extends the right to vote to everyone at age 18 (does not prohibit lowering) o Cases United States vs. Reese (1876) Does the 15 th amendment in const give the black and Mexican men right to vote, or does it just prevent from using race based restrictions (this won) Civil Rights o Cases The Civil rights cases-1875 Discrimination in all private institutions-democrats said it opposes first amendment right to association o Jim Crow Laws Voter registration Secret ballet Poll tax- original intent was not to disenfranchise blacks, for poor whites Literacy test Grandfather clause-paternal grandfather was white you don’t have to take literacy test White primary-white to vote in democratic part Multiple box laws-had to have a few identical ballot box only one counted
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Exam 4 Review - Voting Rights o Left up to the states at...

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