Test 1 notes

Test 1 notes - 1 I. European Voyages 1. Leif Ericson a....

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1 I. European Voyages 1. Leif Ericson a. Scandinavian explorer, Son of Eric the Red b. About 1000 c. In the North Atlantic, From Greenland and sailed possibly as far south as Cape Cod d. First to come to America that we can prove e. Within a 100 years Native Americans drove them out f. Never established lasting settlements or substantive trading post 2. Three big things that started sailing a. Marco Polo 1271-1295 Eastern Route Went through Asia Brought back pasta, gun powder, silk, perfume, Published a journal b. Rise of Nation-states 1400s Started around a 100 people and slowly it had recognizable boundaries Recognizable boundaries, same language and some system of law and justice Evolve, grow and die c. Navigation Prince Henry Portugal Started a college for navigation Wanted to get to Asia by going south Took until 1471 First to travel as far south as the equator and around the cape of good hope Looking for a fastest water route to look for what Marco Polo got They found gold, enslaved Africans African kings wanted to trade with the Portuguese along the shore 1490s Portugal took over an uninhabited island of the west coast of Africa called Sao Tome o perfect soil for growing sugar which was in demand in Europe 3. Christopher Columbus a. From Genoa City-State b. Western Route c. Learned sailing from Portuguese
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2 d. Wanted to sail west for a few days/weeks to go to Asia e. Finding People Spain=no Others=no Spain=finally convinced them f. August 1492 sailed Three ships, Nina, the Piñta and the Santa Maria g. First person to sight land would get gold h. October 1492 he saw land he called “Asia” Present day San Salvador i. Returned with treasures and tales of possible riches via the western route j. Died in poverty because he kept sailing back k. Finally realized it was a “New World” II. The first Americans 1. Pueblo Indians a. Urban Dwellers b. Owned Land c. Lived in caves 2. 1610 Santé Fe was settled by Spain, oldest standing government building 3. 1665 St. Augustine was settled by Spain, first American settlement 4. Columbian Exchange a. People of different hemispheres meeting for the first time b. Plants, animals viruses, diseases were transferred c. Native people had no immunity Small pox Killed whole villages About 55 million at the time of Columbian exchange, 100 years later there was 4 million III. Roanoke 1. English were slow to enter the New world a. Tudors were still consolidating their Crown in the early 1500s b. The Tudors did not want to challenge Spain’s dominance in the new world c. English textile industry was booming so wealthy individuals did not want to invest in high risk oversea adventures 2. 1585 3. Sir Walther Raleigh 4. Received a royal patent to claim new world lands in the name of the queen 5. Natives out numbered the Europeans
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3 6. First attempt to plant an economy in North America 7. 600 men sailed to Roanoke Island
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Test 1 notes - 1 I. European Voyages 1. Leif Ericson a....

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