Test 1 Textbook Outline

Test 1 Textbook Outline - 1 At the beginning of the...

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1 At the beginning of the fourteenth century Europeans took advantage of the new technologies developed, like the nautical advances. The Europeans were in search of riches and lands not already in the hands of Christians, many were encountered accidentally. In 1298 Marco Polo wrote that the orient was the source of many desired goods and that there might be a western route there across the Atlantic Ocean. Others still believed in the existence of an eastern route through Africa. Eastern route -Portuguese leaders were among who still believed in an eastern route prince Henry the navigator, Portuguese sailors traveled down the western coast of Africa looking for a dramatic left turn that would lead them to India and the middle east. Finally in 1498, after many failures they succeeded. Also I that year Vasco De Gama reached India by rounding the corner called the Cape of Good Hope, and north to India, his success made Portugal a wealthy country throughout the sixteen and seventeenth century. Western Route -Spain was jealous of Portugal’s numerous successes so they began to advocate the search for a western route to the orient. After many years of delay the Spanish monarchy, Ferdinand and Isabella, finally agreed to fund the costly adventure. In 1492 Christopher Columbus , Portuguese- trained Italian sailor took the voyage on. The voyage was with three ships, Nina, the Piñta and the Santa Maria. On October 12, 1492 Columbus and his crew sighted land in the present day Bahamas thinking it was the outlying portion of Asia and India. Shortly after he returned with treasures and tales of possible riches via the western route. Leif Ericson - in the year 1000 C.E., Scandinavian explorer sailed in brightly colored ships from Greenland and sailed possibly as far south as Cape Cod. During the following decade or two Scandinavians made several expeditions to North America but never established lasting settlements or substantive trading post European Slavery-Portuguese sailors in the 1440s had probed West Africa and made the discovery of slaves. African kings wanted to trade with the Portuguese along the shore. In the 1490s Portugal took over an uninhabited island of the west coast of Africa called Sao Tome, it had perfect soil for growing sugar which was in demand in Europe so in the 1500s Portuguese began using slaves to harvest the sugar Line of demarcation -line drawn by pope Alexander IV through a map of the western hemisphere. He granted the eastern half to Portugal and the western half to Spain, in whatever could be considered the first act of modern European colonialism English were slow to enter the new world exploration because of the Tudors were still consolidating their Crown in the early 1500s. The Tudors did not want to challenge Spain’s dominance in the new world. Also in the 1500s English textile industry was booming so wealthy individuals did not want to invest in high risk oversea adventures Roanoke -1585- Sir Walter Raleigh was the first Englishman to found a new world colony. Raleigh received a royal patent to claim new world lands in the name of the queen, who was eager to
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2011 for the course HIST 1377 taught by Professor Buzzanco during the Fall '05 term at University of Houston.

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Test 1 Textbook Outline - 1 At the beginning of the...

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