Test 2 Textbook Outline

Test 2 Textbook Outline - History 1336 Fall 2010 Exam 2...

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History 1336 Fall 2010 Exam 2 Textbook Outline Chapter 8 I. Creating A New Government a) First Citizens Article 4, Section 2 of the Constitution said it was up to the states who was and was not a citizen White Property Holding Males Naturalization Act of 1790 - Legalization which declared that, among immigrants to the U.S., only “free white persons” could become citizens - Not Blacks, Native Americans, and Asians b) The First Congress First federal election under the new Constitution was held in late 1788 Most of the men elected were considerate of the arguments in the Federalist Papers First meeting was in the Capital and had four major tasks: 1. Setting up a system of federal courts 2. Securing the Bill of Rights 3. Establish the executive department and 4. Raise revenue Courts - Judiciary Act of 1789-created courts and 12 district courts to go with the Supreme Court Rights - James Madison proposed 17 amendments, 12 that Congress approved, 10 that states ratified Executive Department - Five Executive Posts: 1. Secretary of State 2. Secretary of war 3. Secretary of the treasury 4. Attorney General 5. Postmaster general - Positions were to be filled by the president-President would control patronage - Under George Washington, all except postmaster general served in his cabinet Revenues - Hamilton Tariff of 1789-Proposed by House member James Madison, 5-10% tariff on certain imports c) The First President - George Washington won, war leader, obvious choice, never ran for the office, was retired, established many important precedents (3 bellow) President Manner - Call the president “Mr. President,” wore American-Made suits not military attire, not use veto power unless he saw it as a law unconstitutional The Cabinet - Department within the executive branch, Thomas Jefferson was first Secretary of State, Alexander Hamilton was Treasury secretary, Henry Knox was secretary of war, Samuel Osgood postmaster general, Edmond Randolph was attorney general - Balance of perspective, balance of views from cabinet Relations with Congress - First Treaty with George Washington and congress was inconclusive, then on he decided he will draft then sent to congress for approval II. Political Divisions
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History 1336 Fall 2010 Exam 2 Textbook Outline - Federalist-Strong federal government-George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, and John Adams - Democratic-Republicans-weaker federal government- Thomas Jefferson and James Madison b) The Problem of Finance - Owed millions to foreign investors and domestic bondholders, had to pay loans Hamilton’s Financial Plan - Alexander Hamilton’s favored the interests of the commercial and mercantile elite, 4 parts: 1. Took all the loans in congress and made them into one national debt 2. Took all the individual states loans into the national debt 3. Raising revenue through the sale of bonds, public bonds, the establishment of tariffs and imposition of excise tax on whiskey 4. Create first bank of the U.S.
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Test 2 Textbook Outline - History 1336 Fall 2010 Exam 2...

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