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Chapter 11 Architecture

Chapter 11 Architecture - Chapter 11 Architecture First...

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Chapter 11 Architecture First : read and focus Read Chapter 11 Architecture. Learn the fundamental concepts of arch, vault, and dome and how they are used in building. Note how the nineteenth-century brought about changes in new building types and construction techniques. Focus on the structural systems in architecture and the characteristics and qualities produced by them, so that if you see them used in a building you can recognize them. Second : review and extra help Visit these sites for Chapter 11. They were recommended by your book Understanding Art. Great Buildings Online site http://www.greatbuildings.com/ and http://art.wadsworth.com/fichner7/ Third : vocabulary and terminology Vocabulary and Terminology from Chapter 11 to know for the second text. Architecture o The art and science of designing buildings, bridges, and other structures to help us meet our personal and communal needs. Façade o A French term for the face or front of a building. Tensile strength o In architecture, the ability of a material to span horizontal distances with minimum support from underneath. Post-and-Lintel Construction o Construction in which vertical elements (posts) are used to support horizontal crosspieces (lintels). Arches o A curved or pointed structure consisting of wedge-shaped blocks that span an open space and support the weight of material above by transferring the load outward and downward over two vertical supports, or piers. Keystone o In architecture, the wedge-shaped stone placed in the top center of an arch. Compressive strength o The degree to which a material can withstand the pressure of being squeezed.
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Vault o In architecture, any series of arches other than an arcade used to create space. Barrel vault o A roofed-over space or tunnel constructed as an elongated arch. Groin vault o In architecture, a vault that is constructed by placing barrel vaults at right angles so that a square is covered. Buttress o To support or prop up construction with a projecting structure, usually built of brick or stone; a massive masonry structure on the exterior wall of a building whose function is to press inward and upward in order to hold the stone blocks of arches in place. Flying buttresses connect the exterior buttresses with the vaults of the nave arcade Bay o In architecture, the area or space spanned by a single unit of vaulting that may be marked off by piers or columns Romanesque style o A style of European architecture of the eleventh and twelfth centuries C.E. that is characterized by thick, massive walls, the Latin Cross plan, the use of a barrel vault in the nave, round arches, and a twin-towered façade Pointed arch o An arch that comes to a point at top rather than being rounded.
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Chapter 11 Architecture - Chapter 11 Architecture First...

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