PSY 340 week 4 - 1 Introduction Based upon the Bipolar...

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1 Introduction Based upon the “Bipolar Disorder” presentation by Adna Bean, Amanda Dyer, Carrie Kelly, and Evelyn within the context of genetics, brain structure and behavior patterns, this paper will evaluate its explanation of the symptoms and the types of behavior that typify it. Since, the team explication should also elucidate the genetic and biological basis of bipolar disorder and discuss the suspected or known causes of bipolar disorder, its prevention, if applicable, and the current therapies, treatments, and deficiencies therein will be addressed. Even though persons reading the “Bipolar Disorder” by Bean, et.al, (2001) should have a full understanding of the previously mentioned areas, this paper will supplement any areas that necessitate further explanation and restate the facts revealed through its slides. Classifying and Characterizing Bipolar disorder According to Bean, et.al. (2011), bipolar disorder is characterized by emotional extremes (slide 2; NIMH, 2010). As such, bipolar disorder is a mood disorder, based upon the first axis of the DSM-IV classification system (Comer, 2006, p. 83). It can induce alternating emotional states (NIMH, 2010). Therefore, persons affected by bipolar disorder experience a roller coaster of emotions. They will experiences periods of hopelessness and depression and/or or lethargy followed by high-energy, hyperactive, impulsive manic states (Bean, et.al, 2011, slide ; NIMH, 2010). Notably, too, grandiose optimism and high self-esteem signify mania, as do periods of extreme irritability (Bean, et.al, 2011) “[…] feeling weird within oneself” and risk seeking behaviors. According to Bean, et.al, (2011) these risk-seeking and impulsive behaviors may include sexual encounters and business ventures (slide 4). Although mania has fueled creativity in some individuals with bipolar disorder including writers and poets like (Bean, et.al, 2011) Edgar Allen Poe, Walt Whitman, Virginia Woolf and
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2 Ernest Hemingway, and actors like Margot Kidder, bipolar disorders show no favoritism with regard to race, class, wealth and/or intelligence (slide 10). Nevertheless, manic states tend to follow the rule the “what goes up must come down.” Some persons report episodes or mixed depressive and manic states, as well (Bean, et.al, 2011, slide 3). Regardless, these emotional states inevitably influence eating and sleeping patterns and behaviors (Bean, et.al, 2011, slide 3, 4). More importantly, perhaps, it is difficult to assess how long mania or its alternate state, depression will persist (NIMH, 2010). Again, the only steadfast rules and guideline seems to be in their alternation. For this reason, persons with bipolar disorder find it difficult to function at work and school (Bean, et. al, 2011, slide 3; NIMH, 2010). Relationships with family and friends can also prove difficult (Bean, et. al, 2011, slide 3).
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PSY 340 week 4 - 1 Introduction Based upon the Bipolar...

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