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Lect 4 _ 5 Carb Digestion _ Absorp - Study Questions

Lect 4 _ 5 Carb Digestion _ Absorp - Study Questions - 5...

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NST 10 Fall 2011 S.E. Fleming, Professor Study Questions: Lectures 4 & 5 – Carbohydrate Digestion and Absorption Be able to define, and know the importance of, the following words and phrases: absorption ATP autoimmune disorder constipation dental caries diabetes dietary fiber disaccharide diverticular disease gestational diabetes glucagon glycogen hyperglycemia hypoglycemia insulin lactase maltase mitochondria monosaccharide non-nutritive sweetener normal blood glucose concentration nutritive sweetener polysaccharide respiration salivary amylase starch sucrase type 1 diabetes type 2 diabetes Questions to Guide Your Studying 1. What are the differences between monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides? Give examples of each. 2. What foods contain each type of carbohydrate? 3. Describe the sites in the GI tract where carbohydrates are digested and absorbed? 4. Compare how the digestion and absorption of monosaccharides differs from other types of carbohydrates.
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Unformatted text preview: 5. Both starch and cellulose are chains of glucose subunits. Why can you digest starch but not cellulose? 6. What is lactose intolerance? What foods contain lactose? 7. What are the advantages of eating minimally processed foods compared with highly processed foods? 8. What are some benefits of adequate fiber in a person’s diet? How does fiber exert these effects? 9. How would the normal blood glucose profile change with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes? 10. What are the roles of glycogen and glucagon in blood glucose regulation? 11. Describe the similarities and differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes: a. What are the risk factors? b. What are the symptoms? c. What hormones are involved? d. What are the potential complications of untreated diabetes? e. What are the treatments for diabetes? Page 1 of 2 NST 10 Fall 2011 S.E. Fleming, Professor f. Ways to prevent each? Page 2 of 2...
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