RUTGERS INTRO Wk 1 - Looking to the Future of Looking to...

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Unformatted text preview: Looking to the Future of Looking to the Future of Criminal Justice Predictions and visions for the future are marked by the challenges, expectations, advanced preparedness and technological developments. Technological and social developments as well as policy changes offer much promise for the future. Some of the most promising strategies include the following: Increased use of biosensors, lasers, and thermal neutron analysis equipment will greatly assist investigators searching for missing persons and toxic waste Electronic tracking devices such as subdural implants, bracelets, and anklets could save millions of dollars for home detention and home monitoring instead of incarceration. Cellular phones, electronic pendants, and geo­satellite tracking devices can help protect chronically battered women and those in life­threatening situations. Increased development and use of digital technology, artificial intelligence systems, data­based court management systems, and computer based tracking systems, used to solve crimes of today. Increased development of nonlethal weapons such as laser guns, rubber bullets, and chemical sprays could save thousands of lives each year. The use of bionic eyes and eardrums could provide a major aid to police surveillance activities. Behavioral altering drugs implanted in the back of a sex offender or an alcoholic can be activated automatically when the offender approaches an elementary school or a tavern for example. Microprocessors implanted in persons could relay psychological reactions to a central monitoring station, which would release a small amount of tranquilizer or fast acting sleep inducer as situations warrant Day reporting, day fines, intensive probation supervision, and restitution could save states and counties millions of dollars in dealing with non­violent offenders provided that each jurisdiction has an adequate accounting and monitoring staff. With the emergence of bioterrorism and other weapons of mass destruction, federally sponsored crime laboratories are rapidly developing vaccines and other protective measures. COSTS OF CRIMINAL COSTS OF CRIMINAL VICTIMIZATIONS MONETARY COSTS can be estimated by identifying the criminal justice system operating and offender processing costs. HUMAN COSTS refer to the lost lives and unused human potential. The two most comprehensive statistical The two most comprehensive statistical sources of crime data in the US are: 1. Uniform Crime Report (UCR) 2. National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) THREE SOURCES OF ERROR IN THE UCR – Hierarchy Rule where if multiple crimes are committed in a single incident ONLY the most serious crime is reported to the UCR. – Inconsistency in Data submission. (UNDERREPORTING) – Clerical and Data processing problems (BOTH UNDER AND OVER REPORTING) Problems with the National Crime Problems with the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) It cannot measure all crime. It is a survey based on samplings of households through victim interviews. It neglects commercial crimes and furthermore does not take into account victimless crimes. MEASURING CRIME MEASURING CRIME TARGET POPULATION CRIME COVERAGE BEST FOR UCR 98 % LAW ENFORCEMENT LIMITED NUMBER COMMERCIAL AND AGENCIES OF REPORTED BUSINESS VICTIMS CRIMES NCVS INDIVIDUALS HOUSEHOLD AND HOUSEHOLD AND IN HOUSEHOLDS PERSONAL CRIMES PERSONAL CRIMES NOT REPORTED TO POLICE ...
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