Lecture 8 - Jan 26.docx - SOC 100 LECTURE 8: SOCIALIZATION...

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SOC 100LECTURE 8: SOCIALIZATION Social isolation and socialization Socialization: process by which people learn their culture by:oEntering and disengaging from a succession of rolesoBecoming aware of themselves as they interact with othersRole: set of expected behaviours, or the behaviour expected of a person occupying a positon in society René Spitz compared 45 children raised in an orphanage by 6 nurses and children raised by their mothers in a nursing home attached to a women’s prison. Both of which provided good careThe orphans had less contact with other people and were blocked from seeing society whereas the nursing babies saw society from their cribsDepriving the infants from social stimuli made them less demanding At 9-12 months, the orphans were more susceptible to infections and has a higher death rate. 2-3 years old, the nursing children were more developed than the orphansWithout childhood, most of our human potential remains undevelopedEmotional development requires affectionate embracingThe crystallization of self-identity Formation of sense of self continues in adolescence through interaction Adolescence is a vital period of rapid self-developmentFriedenberg said, the central growth process in adolescence is to define the self through the clarification of experience and to establish self-esteemCrystallization of self-identity during adolescence is the start of a lifelong process of socialization Socialization institutions = agents of socialization (Ex: Familiy, Schools, Peer groups, Mass media) In these institutions, we learn how to control impulses, think of ourselves within groups, value ideas, and perform roles These institutions give mixed messages and are at offs with one another –teach children and adolescence different/contradictory lessonsLess supervision and guidance, more assumption of adult responsibilities by youths, and less participation in extracurricular activities are changing the nature of childhood/adolescence Symbolic-interactionist foundations of childhood SocializationBegins soon after birthSocial interaction helps infants begin to develop a self-image or sense of selfSelf: set of ideas and attitudes about who one is, as an independent beingSigmund Freud Proposed the first social-scientific interpretation of the process by which the self emergesFreud said, infants demand immediate gratification but form a self-image when their demands are deniedChild eventually develops a sense of appropriate behaviour and what is right vs. wrong Conscience (storehouse of cultural standards) develops. Psychological mechanism develops – balances the pleasure seeking and restraining components of the selfId: pleasure seeking component of the selfSuperego: restraining components of the selfEgo: balances the id and the superego Others believed the self comes naturally, but Freud believed social interaction causes it
Charles Horton Cooley

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Term
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JayneBaker

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