Paper 1 - 1. Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (May 7, 1840-...

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1. Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (May 7, 1840- November 6, 1893) 1854- His mother died from cholera. 1865- He graduated from Saint Petersburg Conservatory 1866- Tchaikovsky wrote his first symphony 1868- He composed his first opera, Voivoda 1876- He composed the ballet Swan Lake and opera Eugene Onegin. 1877- He married Antonina Miliukova but struggles in his marriage due to his homosexuality. 2. Born in Votkinsk, a small town in present day Udmurtia, Russia 1850- He attended the Imperial School Jurisprudence in Saint Petersburg 1862- Stayed in Saint Petersburg to attend the Saint Peresburg Conservatory and studies with Nikolai Zaremba. 1877- He left his wife, Antonina, and statyed in Clarens, Switzerland after experiencing an emotional crisis due to his homosexuality. The two remained married, but she later gave birth to three children by another man. 1879- He returned to the Moscow Conservatory and resided in Kamenka while traveling. 1884- He resettled in Russia after traveling and continues taking part in musical endeavors in Saint Petersburg. Died in Saint Petersburg 3. Tchaikovsky began piano lessons at the age of five and was later sent the Imperial School of Jurisprudence preparatory school. Then, at the age of 12, he transferred to the Imperial School of Jurisprudence to begin seven years of studies. Tchaikovsky attended music theory classes taught by Nikolai Zaremba and later followed Zaremba to Saint Petersburg Conservatory. He studied harmony and counterpoint with Zaremba and the director of the Conservatory, Anton Rubinstein, taught him instrumentation and composition. 4. Tchaikovsky learned to play piano at a young age. He wrote over a hundred piano pieces in the course of his life. It is also suggested that he played the flute and violin due to his impressive flute and violin orchestral parts. 5. Tchaikovsky is well known for his symphony and opera contributions, but most popular for his numerous ballets. His outstanding work in Swan Lake, the Sleeping Beauty, and The Nutcracker remain extremely popular to this day. His compositions become the most dominant in Russia in the 19
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Paper 1 - 1. Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (May 7, 1840-...

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