Exam 2 - Jacob Jessen PHIL 111 Exam 2 Aristotle...

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Jacob Jessen PHIL 111 Exam 2 Aristotle teleological definition of the good explains the good as the end goal for any activity or action. The word teleological comes from the Greek root telos, which means end or purpose. Therefore, good is pursued as the purpose for any action or activity that is performed by an individual. For example in Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle explains “of medicine the end is health, of shipbuilding a vessel, of strategy, victory, and of household management, wealth.” (Book 1, line 1094a5) These end goals or the good that results from these various activities provide justification for performing such activities. Aristotle believes that there is a specific highest good that is the end result of all subordinate goods and the ultimate aim of human nature. There is a hierarchy of goods that rank higher goods of more importance above those of less importance. For example, some people go to college to get a better education. This better education provides an individual with potentially a better career that will result in greater wealth and happiness. In Aristotle’s opinion, finality and self- sufficiency are the two criteria for the highest good. Finality means that the highest good must be the end to all goods and the ultimate goal that one pursues. There is no other good that is more desirable than the final or highest good. Self-sufficiency is defined as something that lacks nothing and in itself makes life complete. This self-sufficient good alone provides oneself with a feeling of accomplishment in life and makes for a gratifying and worthwhile life. Health, wealth, pleasure, and honor are often confused as the highest good in
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This note was uploaded on 09/29/2011 for the course PHIL 114 taught by Professor Faris during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University.

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Exam 2 - Jacob Jessen PHIL 111 Exam 2 Aristotle...

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