Exam 3 - Jacob Jessen PHIL 111 Exam 3 Mills theory of...

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Jacob Jessen PHIL 111 Exam 3 Mill’s theory of utility is a form consequentialism and views actions based on the happiness they provide to an individual by promoting pleasure. Consequentialism judges the rightness or wrongness of actions based on the consequences of that action. Therefore, an action that supplies happiness to an individual can be seen as a right and virtuous action. The Greatest Happiness Principle is the basis for the idea of utilitarianism. This principle is the idea that right and just actions promote pleasure or decrease pain. On the other hand, a wrong action is one that decreases pleasure or increases pain. In Mill’s opinion, pleasure and an absence of pain are the things desired in life, and individuals pursue actions that will lead to either an increase in pleasure or a decrease in pain. This opposes Aristotle’s view of happiness, instead of pleasure, as the highest good for individuals. Mill’s views utilitarianism as the moral law by defining right actions by the consequences that result from these actions. In Mill’s words, “the creed which accepts as the foundation of morals “utility” or the “greatest happiness principle” holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.” Happiness is viewed as providing pleasure and avoiding harm. It is in one’s best interest and most rational that all actions be performed to generate pleasure and impede pain. One objection to Mill’s idea of utilitarianism includes the Swine Doctrine
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This note was uploaded on 09/29/2011 for the course PHIL 114 taught by Professor Faris during the Spring '08 term at Purdue.

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Exam 3 - Jacob Jessen PHIL 111 Exam 3 Mills theory of...

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