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Exam 4 - Jacob Jessen PHIL 111 Exam 4 1 Consequentialism...

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Jacob Jessen PHIL 111 Exam 4 1) Consequentialism and deontological ethics judge the rightness or wrongness of an act differently. According to consequentialism, an action is good or bad depending on the consequences that result from that action. On the other hand, deontology determines the ethics of an action based on whether that action is intrinsically right or wrong. Mill’s idea of utilitarianism supports the idea of consequentialism, and that the consequences of an action define the moral worth of that action. Mill believes that an action is right if it promotes happiness by increasing pleasure or decreasing pain. It is not the action itself that determines whether or not it is good but the results from that action. Kant disagrees with Mill’s idea of consequentialism because the consequences of actions can’t always be predicted and are affected by uncontrollable forces. Kant believes that the moral worth of an action is based upon the will of an individual and how they define their will. Kant believes in deontological ethics and believes that actions have moral or immoral worth when individuals act because of duty. When an individual’s will is to act out of duty in accordance with moral law, that individual is acting freely and their action has moral worth. A good will is good in itself, and the consequences of the actions of a good will have no effect on the rightness of wrongness of that action. Displaying good will in actions and choices demonstrates an inherent goodness. Kant explains that humans have a rational aspect and act out of duty and reason. Individuals determine their wills from
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