Hist 1003 9

Hist 1003 9 - Hist 1003 The reformation and the rise of the...

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Hist 1003 9/1/11 The reformation and the rise of the state a) Religion and Politics in Europe, 1517-1588 i) England - (1) Henry VIII’s wives and daughters (a) Catherine of Aragon- (b) ‘Bloody’ Mary (c) Elizabeth’s moderate course (Anglicanism) ii) France (1) Religious wars in France, 1562-1598 (a) Rapid spread of reformation through France, especially in the South and West; by 1560s, Huguenots (Calvinism) 10- 20 percent of the population, including some important nobles (b) Bloody wars and unsettled succession, 1562-98; will France break up, as did HRE? (c) Flight from persecution: man Huguenots flee, esp. to the Netherlands (d) Primes inter Pares(?) (2) St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre (a) 1572, on occasion of a royal marriage which might have made peace (b) Catholics massacre c. 3,000 protestants in the streets of Paris in the middle of the night, pulling all the known protestants out of bed and murder them in the middle of the streets in the name of religion (3) Henry IV and the Edict of Nantes (a) 1589- Henry of Navarre crowned King Henry IV; he converts to Catholicism in 1593 in order to reach a religious compromise (b) 1598: Henry issues Edict of Nantes Catholicism is France’s official religion, but toleration offered to Huguenots within specific areas of southern/western France
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Hist 1003 9 - Hist 1003 The reformation and the rise of the...

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