BUS_260_04_Personality_at_Work

BUS_260_04_Personality_at_Work - PersonalityatWork...

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Introduction n Rude, Dishonest, Hardworking… ways of describing differences  among people – i.e., personality What is Personality? n The relatively stable  set of psychological characteristics that  influence the way an individual interacts with his or her  environment n An individual’s unique and relatively stable  patterns of 
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Personality Measurement n Please read each statement and decide how much you agree or disagree  with it (1 = strongly disagree   5 = strongly agree) n In conversations I usually do more talking than other people do.  n I sometimes can’t help worrying about little things.  n If I want something from someone, I will laugh at that person’s worst jokes.  n Please describe your personality using the following adjectives  (1 = very inaccurate; 5 = very accurate) n Talkative (       )     active (          )       moody (             ) ……
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How stable are personality traits? § Costa & McRae (1988); r = .83 (over 6 years)  § Helson & Wink (1992); r = .70 (over 10 years)  § Helson & Moane (1987); r = .50 (over 20 years)  § Finn (1986); r = .53 (over 30 years) § Conley (1985); r = .34 (over 45 years) § Haan et al (1986); r = .25 (over 50 years)
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What Determines Personality? § Genetics? § Stability of personality suggests that it is innate § Twin Studies § Identical twins raised apart tend to have similar personalities § Behavioral genetics research suggests that about 50% of variation in  personality can be explained by genetics
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What Determines Personality? n Situationism: Walter Mischel (1968) n Situational variables matter more than personality traits in determining  how people act n Effects of personality strongest in “weak situations” – no clear  expectations of how to behave;  n Compared to “strong situations” – where the type of behaviour  expected is clearly dictated
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What Determines Personality? n
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This note was uploaded on 09/29/2011 for the course BUSINESS 111 taught by Professor Fredjames during the Spring '11 term at Abu Dhabi University.

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BUS_260_04_Personality_at_Work - PersonalityatWork...

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