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teamdysfuctionalpaper - TEAM PERFORMANCE 1 Running head...

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TEAM PERFORMANCE Running head: Personality, Organizational Citizenship Behaviours, and Affective Commitment The Relationship between Personality, Organizational Citizenship Behaviours (OCBs), Affective Commitment, and Team Performance Abraham Falola Chelsey Knibbs Hasham Faisal Khawaja University of Regina 1
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TEAM PERFORMANCE Abstract This study seeks to examine the correlations between employee personality, affective commitment, OCBs and team performance. Previously conducted research has suggested that different types of personality traits have been found to be associated with different levels of performance (Davis & Mogk, 1994; Kirkcaldy, 1982; Morgan, 1979). It has been shown that the most valid predictors of team performance in personality based analyses are extraversion and conscientiousness, which are positively related to team performance. Therefore, these personality traits will be mainly considered in this study. It has also been demonstrated that the degree of an individual's affective commitment tends to have a positive relationship with his/her performance (Gardner & Moore, 2004). Furthermore, studies indicate that helping behaviours and sportsmanship had significant positive effects on performance in competition (Podsakoff, Ahearne & MacKenzie, 1997). Therefore, this study is to be conducted to gain insight on the validity of the previously obtained data as well as useful information for researchers, government, chief executives, business practitioners, and so on. 2
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TEAM PERFORMANCE The Relationship between Personality, Organizational Citizenship Behaviours (OCBs), Affective Commitment, and Team Performance People with different personalities tend to perform the same task or duty in different ways. It has been shown that certain personality characteristics are strongly related with the quality of an individual’s task performance. With this reality, it could then be implied that the overall performance of a team is merely a function of the personalities that are representative of a team's constituent members. It would be very useful for employer to be able to predict a current or potential employee’s performance capacity by simply analyzing his/her personality. This study will therefore build on this thought and utilize not only personality characteristics but the level of an individual’s affective commitment as well as his/her organizational citizenship cum behavioural attributes to determine whether these variables have any effect on performance. Numerous notable studies have shown that personality traits have been found to be associated with different levels of achievement [performance] on the job (Davis & Mogk, 1994; Kirkcaldy, 1982; Morgan, 1979). The personality characteristics of members of different teams would be assessed using the Big Five Personality survey by Tupes and Christal (1961) and Norman (1963). “The Big Five has provided the most widely accepted structure of personality in our time” (Judge & Ilies, 2002, p.798), thus, it is the choice measure of personality for the study at hand. Robertson and Callinan
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