Print Chapter4 - Print Chapter 1:22 AM Software Systems and...

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5/19/11 1:22 AM Print Chapter Page 1 of 67 http://atext.aplia.com/controller/ChapterPrint.aspx?isbn=0324665288&m…menubar=0,directories=0,location=0,status=0,scrollbars=1,resizable=0 Software: Systems and Application Software Chapter Introduction 4-1 An Overview of Software 4-1a Systems Software 4-1b Application Software 4-1c Supporting Individual, Group, and Organizational Goals 4-2 Systems Software 4-2a Operating Systems 4-2b Current Operating Systems 4-2c Workgroup Operating Systems 4-2d Enterprise Operating Systems 4-2e Operating Systems for Small Computers, Embedded Computers, and Special- Purpose Devices 4-2f Utility Programs 4-2g Middleware 4-3 Application Software 4-3a Overview of Application Software 4-3b Personal Application Software 4-3c Workgroup Application Software 4-3d Enterprise Application Software 4-3e Application Software for Information, Decision Support, and Specialized Purposes 4-4 Programming Languages 4-4a The Evolution of Programming Languages 4-5 Software Issues and Trends 4-5a Software Bugs 4-5b Copyrights and Licenses 4-5c Open-Source Software 4-5d Shareware, Freeware, and Public Domain Software 4-5e Software Upgrades 4-5f Global Software Support Chapter Recap
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5/19/11 1:22 AM Print Chapter Page 2 of 67 http://atext.aplia.com/controller/ChapterPrint.aspx?isbn=0324665288&m…menubar=0,directories=0,location=0,status=0,scrollbars=1,resizable=0 Chapter Introduction PRINCIPLES LEARNING OBJECTIVES Information Systems in the Global Economy: General Motors, United States GM Changes Focus from Gears and Mechanics to Software and Electronic Systems Systems and application software are critical in helping individuals and organizations achieve their goals. Identify and briefly describe the functions of the two basic kinds of software. Outline the role of the operating system and identify the features of several popular operating systems. Organizations should not develop proprietary application software unless doing so will meet a compelling business need that can provide a competitive advantage. Discuss how application software can support personal, workgroup, and enterprise business objectives. Identify three basic approaches to developing application software and discuss the pros and cons of each. Organizations should choose a programming language whose functional characteristics are appropriate for the task at hand, considering the skills and experience of the programming staff. Outline the overall evolution and importance of programming languages and clearly differentiate among the generations of programming languages. The software industry continues to undergo constant change; users need to be aware of recent trends and issues to be effective in their business and personal life. Identify several key software issues and trends that have an impact on organizations and individuals.
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5/19/11 1:22 AM Print Chapter Page 3 of 67 http://atext.aplia.com/controller/ChapterPrint.aspx?isbn=0324665288&m…menubar=0,directories=0,location=0,status=0,scrollbars=1,resizable=0 WHY LEARN ABOUT SOFTWARE?
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