reading - Chapter 23 United States Northeastern Traditions...

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Chapter 23 United States
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Northeastern Traditions Pilgrims Native American contribution Corn cranberries Maple syrup
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Southern Cuisine Influence of African Slaves France Caribbean Spain
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Southern Cuisine Cont. Fried chicken Ham Red eye gravy Rice and black beans Creole vs. Cajun
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Midwest Fare British, Scandinavian, German, and some Italian influences Meat and potatoes, a vegetable, and pie is a classic Midwestern meal.
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Southwestern Food Mexican influence Beef Salsa Peppers
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Western Dishes Fusion Cuisine Chinese Mexican Spanish Ocean fish Fruits Nuts Californian wines
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Summary of Food & Culture in America Pre-civil War What was the culture or lifestyle for the average person? What ethnicity dominated the culture? What was the progression of the diet? 1700’s ? 1800’s
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Summary of Culture The British culture was dominate Primarily farmers Strong religious affiliations Work hard Roles of men vs. women Being similar important
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Summary of the Food Eaten Very plain Corn and hogs the building block 1700’s: Cornmeal mush & milk breakfast Stew with bread for dinner Mush for supper 1800’s More meat & veggies in diet Hogs, chicken & beef
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Food 1800 - 1860 Preserved food Salt pork, bacon, smoked meat/sausage Pickled veggies such as beets, carrots Pickled meat such as pigs feet Minced meat Milk Goats & cows Root cellars Cool, dark, dry place for storage of root veggies and fruit such as apples
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Food 1800 - 1860 White potato vs. sweet potato Sweet not accepted well White accepted in 1840’s with Irish immigration and the Irish potato variety Irish chowders Introduced combo of potatoes and milk to soups for form chowders Clam chowder British method of cooking Over cook it! Little seasoning
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Food summary 1800 - 1860 Alcohol vs. water Learned to drink water from Native Americans 50% decrease in alcohol by 1840 Molasses, maple syrup, honey primarily Manner of eating in South vs. North Big plantations vs. rural Average Northerner
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Salted Pork
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Molasses
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Overall Nutritional Quality of Typical American Diet High in fat, salt and alcohol High in starch and meat Low in veggies and fruit Low in vitamins & minerals Result: low life expectancy
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Pre-civil War (1800 – 1860) Movements that influenced the culture Temperance Health Food Women’s Suffrage
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Temperance Movement Started with American Revolution Reaction against public drunkenness Considered a women’s issue Three camps Recipes changed to remove alcohol Sweet cider as substitute Mincemeat changed Innocent Plum Pudding; Temperance Cake; Temperance Punch Increase in coffee, tea, hot chocolate consumption
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Health Food Movement Reform began 1830 - 1840
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course HM 324 taught by Professor Food during the Spring '09 term at S.F. State.

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reading - Chapter 23 United States Northeastern Traditions...

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