Summer2011W1 - Chapter 1 Introduction Food Origins...

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Chapter 1 Introduction
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Food Origins Geographical- What’s available around? Cultural Historical Foods such as Barley, Einkorn, Emmer and Taro
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Early Food Habits Hunter-gatherers were limited by the food available in their environment. Archaeologists have identified some foods preserved at some archaeological sites.
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Agricultural Developments 12,000 BCE- grindstones used to make flour in upper Egypt and Nubia 10,000 BCE- wild emmer (wheat) was harvested in Palestine 9,000 BCE- einkorn (a type of wheat) was eaten in Syria 8,000 BCE- wheat, barley and pulses (legumes) was cultivated in Jericho
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Agricultural Developments Cont. 7,000 BCE- goats and pigs were domesticated. Barley became a food crop. 6,500 BCE- domestication of goats and sheep in the Balkans to Anatolia 6,000 BCE-farming established in Mesopotamia and China
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Agricultural Developments Cont. 6,000 BCE- farming established through Europe and South America 5,000 BCE- wet rice farming in Eastern China 4,500 BCE- cattle used for plowing near the Danube
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Agricultural Developments Cont. 3,500 BCE- animals used for milk and wool. Plow introduced into Northern and Western Europe.
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Influences Determining Diets Geography - Topography Environmental Factors- Water Availability Water – Natural Rainfall, Irrigation Systems Temperature key determinant for crop success.
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Irrigation has existed for thousands of years in the Nile Valley
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Date trees grow at an oasis in North Africa
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Mesopotamia
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Growing Conditions Seasonal temperature Length of growing season Trade – For Sophisticated Cultures Routes: Silk Road Sea Routes around Africa
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Silk Road
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A Capsule of Cultures and Conquests Early cultural sites Egypt Hittites flourished in the Anatolia Region
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Time Line Cultures Time Line–Cultures 3000 BCE Egypt 2000 BCE Sumerians (Persia) 2000 BCE-1200 BCE Hittites (Turkey, Babylon, Syria) 1800 BCE-1280 CE Chinese dynasties (China) ?-1625 BCE Minoan (Crete in Mediterranean Sea) 1500 BCE-1100 BCE Myceneans (Greek Peloponnesus, Crete, Sicily, Troy) 1200 BCE-612 BCE
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