ch 17 jazz

ch 17 jazz - 60s and 70s had produced a new style called...

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Chapter 17: Jazz- African American Music: styles stemming from traditional jazz proliferated after WWII, moving away from the big bands to smaller groups that were best suited for improvisation. The term be-bop was coined as a result of the characteristic long-short triplet rhythm that ended many phrases, and the prime developers of this style were alto saxophonist Charlie “Bird” Parker and Dizzie Gillespie. Cool Jazz developed in the early 50s with artist such as Miles Davis. Although technical virtuosity of bebop continued, a certain lyric quality developed, particularly in the slow ballads, and more importantly the actual tone quality, especially of the wind instruments provided a major distinction. By the end of the 50s jazz moved away from fixed chord progressions, and by the
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Unformatted text preview: 60s and 70s had produced a new style called free jazz. Free Jazz depended on two things: creative improvisation, and original compositions. Abstract, dense, and difficult to follow, this style often did away with regular rhythmic patterns and melodic lines, using energetic drumming and melodic improvisations with extremely high notes, squawks, and squeals. In the 70s and 80s jazz combined with elements of rock to produce a popular style called fusion. In the 21 st century it continues to evolve, blending with popular dance rhythms and emerging new styles such and “groove” music, or “funk,” which suggest the blues in a highly complex, repetitive, and rhythmic approach....
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