greg.cortez - [ ; ..I,HIVE L ITERATURE J to be ;'Where tees...

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Unformatted text preview: [ ; ..I,HIVE L ITERATURE J to be ;'Where tees so as has t they ·dness . their nitted biters vould bbed, 'aced ps to e vil­ iracy ledi­ ,din lible, ;ible, Idon Id in will r rlS, lch­ of lese ,d a pri­ ess, om f, o ur l IS­ for s a lee the to led liI­ lVe cultivated their happiness. O ur c ontribution would have been o ur g ood conduct, testi­ mony to the whole world that all the aspirations o f t he Mexicans can be reduced t o one, which is to be free. And having attained this, these villains would have n o o ther e nd to their misfortune t han t o l ament having lost a piece o f land. They would have the satis­ faction t hat t heir old citizens live peacefully, as i f Providence were affording them an example o f t he benefits o f serenity a nd public tranquility. In reality, all o f this has been nothing more t han a d ream, a nd o ur hopes defrauded i n t he m ost cruel way misfor­ tune can w ound. W hat is left is for us to make an e ffort-there c ould n ot be, s crupu­ lously, any o ther s olution to o ur p roblem-and with o ne fatal blow destroy the obstacle to o ur prosperity. I t is necessary: the time has come, there are no more than six or seven oppressors. Hospitality a nd s ome o ther noble feelings protect them, for now, from o ur rage, a nd the laws o f h umanity a re to us inviolable, as you have seen. No more innocent people will die. No. Moreover. if need be, we will live itinerantly and await the o pportunity to seek revenge a nd p urge society o f s ome people who are so low t hat they debase it with their shameful conduct. O ur families have t urned i nto strangers, begging for a haven in their former homeland. O ur property, i f it has to be the prey o f the miserly greed o f o ur enemies, then it shall be, which is better t han i f it were victim o f o ur o wn vicissitudes. In terms o f the land, Nature concedes to us what­ ever is n eeded to s upport ourselves, a nd we accept all o f t he associated consequences. O ur p ersonal enemies will n ot possess o ur land, except by paying for it with their o wn blood. Even so, we are left with the hope that the government, by its own dignity a nd justice, accedes t o o ur d emand, pursuing a nd passing j udgment o n t hose men o r allowing them to be subjected t o the consequences o f o ur i mmutable resolution. The only thing left for m e to say is t hat accidentally segregated from the o ther neigh­ bors o f t he city by being outside o f it, b ut n ot renouncing o ur rights as North Anlerican citizens, we energetically c ondemn a nd protest the action o f the Mexican National Guard having crossed the border to interfere in a question so foreign to t hat c ountry. t hat there is n o way to forgive such weakness by t hose who requested it. A nonymous Joaquin Murieta; The B allad o f Gregorio Cortez (Joaquin Murieta; Ballade de Gregorio Cortez) The following two selections come from the corrido (ballad) tradition. The cOrTido evolved from the romance carrida, a narrative song form that the Spanish brought to the New World in t he Sixteenth centUiY. The corrido along the Texas-Mexico border often reflects the height­ ened tension associated with intercultural conflict between Anglos and Texans of Mexican descent from about 1848 through the Second World War. Border corridos typically feature an epic Mexican-American hero who, through his acts of defying Anglo authority, expresses the collective resistance to oppression and injustice. Today, carridos composed and sung in Mexico as well as throughout the southwestern United States may vary musically and for­ mally from tradtional corridos but they have retained their narrative quality. They relate in '" 1 15 1 16 ,. H ERENCll\: T HE A !HHOLOG'( OF H ISPANIC U TERATURE UF T HE U ~ITED S TArES song a wide variety of themes, including migration, political figures and happenings, assassi­ nations, incidents related to smu8l\ling and drug trafficking, and sports events and figures, Joaquin MUrieta is an example of a carrido that features an epic hero, Unlike the typical border corrido that takes place along the Texas~Mexico barder, this one is about the exploits of a California hero who accarding to legendary history was an honest Mexican miner in northern California in the early 1850s. Most corridos, as well as prose fiction versions of Murieta's exploits, paint him as a simple man who turns to social banditry in'order to defend against the injustices perpetrated by Anglos. This particular version contains a heavy dose of boasting and sell-aggrandizement. Gregorio Cortez, on the other hand, is a prototypical epic hero corrido that thrived along the Texas-Mexico border. It focuses on a tragic misunder­ standing between a Texas-Mexican rancher and Anglo lawmen that resulted in two shootings and Cortez's flight from prosecution. Local balladeers wrote many versions of these events, (ChT) Further reading; America Paredes, E{ Corrido de Gregorio Cortez, a Ballad o f Border Conflict (Austin: University of Texas Press, 19s6), A Texas-Mexicon CanC/onero (Urbana: Uni­ versity of Illinois Press, 1975). Trans.: MAT, MFa Joaquin Murieta I am not an American But I understand English. I learned it with my brother Forwards and backwards And any American I moke tremble at my feel. When I was barely a child I was left an orphan. N o o ne gave me any love, They killed my brother, And my wife Carmelita, The cowards murdered het. I came from Hermosillo In search o f gold and riches, The Indian poor and simple I defended with fierceness, .'illd a good price the ,heriffs Would pay for my head. Joaquin Murieta Yo n o soy a merkano pero comprendo el ingles, Yo 10 aprendi c on mi hermano al derecho y alleves. A cualquier americano 10 hago temblar a mis pies. Cuando apenas era nino huerfano a mf m e deja ron. Nadie me hizo ni un carino, a mi hermano ( 0 mataron. Y a m i csposa Carrnelita Cobardes la asesmaron. Yo me vine de hermosillo en busca de oro y riqueza. Allndio pobre y seneillo 10 defend! con fiereza Y a buen precio los sherifes pagaban por mi cabeza. I ( ( From the greedy lich, I took away their money. With the humble and poor, A los ricos avaricntos yo les quite su dinero, E Con los humildes y pobres I A r l8 ~ H EIUoNClA: r ilE A l"fHOln(;y OF H I'lPANIC L ITERAfCRE o f r HE: C NITE[J S TATES How pretty is California With her well-laid-out streets, Where Murieta passed by With his troops, With h i, l oaded pistol, And his silver-plated saddle. Que b onito es California con sus calles alineaclas d onde paseaba Murieta I've bad a g ood time in C alifornia Through the year o f '50 [l85o] With my silver-plated saddle And my pistol loaded I a m that Mexican By the name o f Joaquin Murieta. Me he paseado en California por el ano del cincuen ta, C on mi m ontura plateada y mi pistola repleta. Y soy esc mexicano de nombre loaquln Murieta. The Bollod o f Cregono Cortez J c on su tropa bien tormada, ( on s u pistola rep leta y S ll montura plateada. Bollode de Crego rio Cortez In the county o f £1 C armen Look what has occurred, The Major Sheriff is dead, And Ramon lies gravel y h urt. En el c ondado del Carmen miren !o que ha sucedido. Muri6 el sherife mayor quedando Roman herido. The very next morning W hen the people had arrived, They said to o ne another: "No one knows who committed the crime." O tm dfa por la m anana They went about asking questions, And after a three-hour quest, They discovered that the wrongdoer H ad been Gregorio Cortez. Se anduvieron informando c omo tres haras despues Supieron que eI m alhechor era Gregorio Cortez. Now Cortez is outlawed, In the whole state he is b anned, Let him be taken dead or alive, Several have died at his h ands. rnsortaron a ~ortez p or toditito el estado. Vivo 0 muerto que se aprenda porque a varios ha matacio. Then said Gregorio Cortez, With his pistol in his hand: " I'm n ot sorry that I killed him, My b mther's death I would n ot stand." Decia Gregorio Cortez con su pistola en la m ano, "No siento haberlo matado, al q ue s iento es a mi hermano." Theon said Gregorio Cortez, With his soul all aflame: "I'm n ot s orry that I killed him, Self-defense is my rightful d ai m." Decia (~regorio Cortez c on s u alma muy encendida " No s iento haberlo matado la defensa es permitida." c uando Ja gente Ilego D ons a los o lros d icen no saben quien 10 mato. The Americans started comin!\, Their horses seemed to soar, Because they were all after The three-thousand-dollar reward. Siguio con r umbo a Gonzalez, vados sherifes 10 vieron. no 10 quisieron seguir porque Ie tuvieron miedo. Venian los perros jaundcs venian sobre 1a huella Pero alcanzar a Cortez cra akanzar a una estrella. Then said Gregorio Cortez: "Why bother scheming around, When you can't even catch m e With all o f y our bloodhounds?" Decla Gregorio Cortez "Pa' que se valen de planes, si n o p ueden agarrarme oi con esos perros jaundes." Then said the Americans: " If we catch him, what should we do? If we fight him man to man, The survivors will be few," Dedan los americanos "5i 10 vemos q ue Je haremos He left Brownsville for the ranch, Some three hundred in that locale Succeeded in surrounding him, But he jolted their corral. • He set o ut for Gonzalez, Several sheriffs saw him go, They decided not to follow As they all feared him so. The bloodhounds began coming, His trail took them afar, But tracking down Cortez Was like following a star. , Venian los americanos que por el v iento volaban, En eI r edandel del rancho Ie alcanzaron a rodear. POqUltos mas de tresdentos y alii les brineo el corral. Over by EI Encinal. According to what is said, They got into a gunfight, And he shot another sheriff dead. AlIa por el Encinal a segUn p or 10 que dicen Se a garraron a balazos y les m at6 otro sherife. Then said Gregorio Cortez, With his pistol in his hand: "Don't r un off, cowardly rangers, From one sole Mexican man." D ecia Gregorio Cortez c an su pistola en la m ana, "No corran rinches cobardes con un s olo mexicano,'" He struck out for Laredo, With no fear in his breast: "Follow me, spineless rangers, For I a m Gregorio Cortez:' Gir6 c on rumba a Laredo sin ninguna timidez. porque S~ iban a ganar tres mil pesos que les d aban. si Ie e ntramos por derecho muy p oquitos volvercmos:' "SIganme rinches cobardes) yo soy Gregorio Cortez," 1 20 • l -lCI<.[NCIA. H !E .... " 'THI)I.('(,Y ( IF H ISP ..... r-.1l L l r FR ..... n 'Rf ( )f f ilE l l"";] n .D ~ rArES ( ;regorio says to Juan Crego rio Ie d ke a J uan At the ranch they call Cypress: "Tell me all the news, en el rancho del e ipr's, For I a m C regorio Cortez," " Platicame q ue hiiy de nuevo, y (l s oy Gregorio Cortez." Gregorio says t o Juan: " Now y ou just wait a nd see, Gregorio Ie dice a Juan, "fvluy p ronto 10 vas a ver, Go and call the sheriffs, Tell them to arrest me." anda hablale a los sherifes When the sheriffs got there Gregorio gave himself up to go: Cuando Ilegan los sherifes q ue m e v engan a aprender." G regorio se p resento "You can take m e b ecause I 'm willing. [f you force me, t he a nswer's no." "Par la buena si me Ilevan [ hq've finally caught Cortez, It's over now, they claim, And his poor sad family In their hearts must bear the pain. Ya aga rra ron a C ortez ya terminG la c uesti6n, With this I bid farewell In the shade o f a cypress, And thus are sung the final notes O f the ballad o f Gregorio Cortez. p orque de o tra m odo, no." la pobre de su familia la [leva en el COIazon, Ya c on esta m e d espido c on la s ombra de u n c ipres Aqu! se acaba c antando la tragedia de Cortez. Miguel Antonio Otero, Jr. ( 1859-1944) The Real Billy the Kid (excerpt) Miguel AntoniO Otero lived his life as a privileged member of New Mexico's landed gentry and was appointed governor of the territory during the period it was striving for statehood. Otero was a public figure whose life mirrored the transformation of New MeXico-his father descended from an old, distinguished New Mexican family dating back to colonial days and hiS mother from an Anglo family representing the new order. The beneficiary of an elite col­ lege education back east, Otero was not only a politician but an intellectual, and was one of the first Nuevomexicanos to publish his memoirs In English: a nostalgic autobiography, My Life on the Frontier, 1864-1882 (1935); two additional volumes followed, My Life on the Frontier, 1 882-1897, and My Nme Years as Governor o f the Terntory o f N ew Mexico, 1 897-/906. The latter two titles of his autobiographical trilogy were not finished until 1940. Between publication of the first and second volumes of hIS trilogy, Otero became one of the first Nuevomexicanos to write an English-language biography, The Real Billy the Kid, with New Light on the Lincoln County War (1936), published twenty-nine years after his life as a politician had ended. In It, Otero recounts his personal experiences with Billy the Kid and the Lincoln County War, a conflict of natives versus newcomers that would greatly affect Nuevomexicano and Anglo political culture. One can sense the ambivalence about the o ld. Cl ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/29/2011 for the course SPANISH 3261 taught by Professor Vega during the Fall '11 term at Temple.

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