Chapter 3

Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 1. Is news a mirror of reality? No,...

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Chapter 3 1. Is news a mirror of reality? No, it is a representation of the world, and all representations are selective. 2. Do journalists make decisions at random? Explain. Most of the subjectivity in news is patterned and predictable rather than personal. Journalists do not make their decisions at random. Because they are under pressure to churn out a product every twenty-four hours, they depend on reliable shorthand, conventions, routines, habits, and assumptions about how, why, and where to gather news. 3. What is Schudson’s view of framing? Intentional political bias certainly exists. For instance, executives have to determine whether to air bin Laden’s tapes, whether to reveal sensitive military data, whether to report suicides, etc. However, ideologically/politically motivated bias does not normally dominate US news institutions. The idea of studying bias has been replaced by studying “framing.” Frames in the media are “principles of selection, emphasis, and presentation composed of little tacit theories about what exists, what happens, and what matters.” Bias is generally avoided; framing is humanly impossible to avoid because something must be reported, and something must be left out. If a nigger robs a store, do you not report it out of fear that it seems biased? Whether or not you report it, framing has occurred. Thus, some have said that one can study how a society edits its news to understand its culture. 4. What is true about news and exceptions? The news picks up the exceptions more often than the rules – the events and actions at the borders and the margins of the normal. 5. On pp. 38-39, what does the author claim about journalists and owners and the question of bias? While some media scholars claim that corporations have made the most legitimate news source
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course COM 142 taught by Professor Theobald during the Spring '11 term at UC Davis.

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Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 1. Is news a mirror of reality? No,...

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