HA 430 Study Guide Prelim 2 - FranceBurgundy, Beaujolais,...

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What are the classifications of Burgundy and Beaujolais wines and what flavor differences might one find when comparing them? Burgundy: laws under the Appellation d’origine controlee (AOC) and the wines are classified based on the rating of the vineyard , which is dependent on its classified “climat” o Regional Wine: AOC Bourgogne: lowest level, basic regional wine w/no designation of sub-region Regional Wine w/sub-region designation (aka. Cote de Nuits Villages) o Commune (Village) Wine: enjoyable wines that possess the characters of the village o Premier Cru: “First Growth” = excellent wines above the commune standards o Grand Cru: “Greatest Growth” = the best wines from the best vineyard sites Beaujolais: Beaujolais is produced using carbonic maceration (tanks are closed so that CO2 from fermentation naturally breaks the skins of the grapes, resulting in a fruity style wine w/less tannins). o Beaujolais Nouveau o Beaujolais Superieur = 1% higher alc. content than nouveau o Villages = 39 villages; high rating o Cru Beaujolais = top 10 villages In general, the higher the rating, the longer the wine needs to age to fully develop is bouquet of flavors. So Grand Crus and Premier Crus need the most time (5-8-10 years) to fully develop their richness. What are the major grape varieties grown in Burgundy and Beaujolais? Burgundy: o Reds = mainly Pinot Noir and some Gamay o White = mainly Chardonnay (Bourgogne Blanc) and some Aligote Chablis is the name of the region in the north of Burgundy that makes Chardonnay aged in steel Beaujolais: o Red = Gamay grape What are the labeling requirements and how does one decode a Burgundy and Beaujolais wine label? Regional wines that list a sub-region can blend grapes from different villages Village wine labels show the village name, which aligns the village name WITH the best Grand Cru vineyard in that village (ex: Chambolle-Musigny, where Chambolle = village & Musigny = Grand Cru) Premier Cru = Village + Vineyard (so it would say Chambolle-Musigny “Les Charmes”, with the later statement being a reference of the vineyard) Grand Cru = Vineyard ONLY! (ex: Musigny) How does the Burgundy’s climate influence its wine styles? Burgundy = continental climate (cold winters, hot summers) French place much emphasis on the Gout de Terroir (or the “flavor of the site”), which takes into account many vineyard site differences Terroir depends on soil, slope, drainage, rainfall, position of slope in relation to sun, elevation, and other micro-factors The flat territory in the villages produces Premier Cru The best viticulture sites are located in the middle of the hillsides and produce Grand Cru wines The highest sites are not usually suitable for growing good grapes b/c the soil lacks the nutrients in lower elevations Unpredictable weather in Burgundy results in a lot of vintage variation What historic events influenced the growth of the wine industry in the Burgundy? Burgundy region is rich with history and long tradition of terroir
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HA 430 Study Guide Prelim 2 - FranceBurgundy, Beaujolais,...

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