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buildingblock - Yanting Wang Building Blocks Assignment...

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Yanting Wang Building Blocks Assignment Topic: Genetic Engineering/Gene Therapy Biotechnology has come a long way since Watson and Crick proposed the double stranded model of DNA in 1953. The 21 st century is the age of DNA. Just as silicon age brought revolutionary changes in electronics and communication, DNA biotechnology has the potential to revolutionize medicine, agriculture, and manufacturing. With any revolutionary technology, come the fears, anxieties, and moral objections. Although there are some objections and disadvantages to genetic engineering, advantages of genetic engineering far outweigh the disadvantages. Because of its multifarious advantages, more funding should be allocated for research in genetic engineering in order to further advance medicine and provide a greater good to society. One the largest groups of people for which gene therapy appeals to are those diagnosed with a fatal disease or disorder. According to a study by Jemal, Ahmedin et al, There are a total of 1,529,560 new cancer cases and 569,490 deaths from cancer are projected to occur in the United States in 2010 (2010). The overall contribution of curative and adjuvant cytotoxic chemotherapy to 5-year survival in adults was estimated to be 2.3% in Australia and 2.1% in the USA." (Morgan, 2004) These statistics show that cancer has one of the highest mortality rates in the US and often times, those who chose chemotherapy under remission. Many patients continue to look for hope in curing cancer as well as a treatment with fewer side effects. To provide a basis of argument for genetic engineering, I will appeal to those inflicted with disease by stating various statistics on the success of gene therapy and its possible use as an alternative or conjunctive treatment to chemotherapy as well as citing specific examples where gene therapy was used to cure or effectively treat a disease. Some of the arguments are discussed below.
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