Philosophy Chapter 7 Vocabulary

Philosophy Chapter 7 Vocabulary - Chapter 7 Vocabulary...

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Chapter 7 Vocabulary Equivocation- directing another person toward an unwarranted conclusion by making a word or phrase employed in two different senses in an argument appears to have the same meaning throughout. (Pg. 121/ 122) Ambiguity- directing another person toward an unwarranted conclusion by presenting a claim or argument that uses a word, phrase, or grammatical construction that can be interpreted in two or more distinctly different ways, without making clear which meaning is intended. (Pg.124/125) Misleading accent- directing another person toward an unwarranted conclusion by placing improper or unusual emphasis on a word, phrase, or particular aspect of an issue or claim. (Taking an portion of another statement out of their original context in a way that conveys an unintended meaning) (Pg. 127) Illicit contrast- a listener’s inferring from another’s claim a related but unstated contrasting claim by improperly placing unusual emphasis on a word or phrase in the speaker’s or writer’s statement.(pg. 128/129) Argument by innuendo- directing another person toward a particular usually derogatory, conclusion by a skillful choice of words that implicitly suggests but does not assert that conclusion. (pg. 130) Misuse of a vague expression- attempting to establish a position by means of a vague expression or drawing an unjustified conclusion as a result of assigning a precise meaning to another’s word or phrase that is imprecise in its meaning or range of applications. (pg. 132) Without a difference- attempting to defend an action or position as different from another one, with which it might be confused, by means of a careful distinction of language, when the action or position defended is no different in substance from the one from which is linguistically distinguished. (pg. 134/135) Fallacy of the continuum- assuming that small movements or differences on a continuum
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Philosophy Chapter 7 Vocabulary - Chapter 7 Vocabulary...

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