L2 - Science Technology and China Agriculture Agriculture...

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Science, Technology and China Agriculture - Agriculture developed approximately 10000 years ago - Growing of crops and the domestication of animals - Artificial irrigation, food surplus, higher populations, early government o “hydrological hypothesis”: civilization arose from the development of large-scale irrigation agriculture o Large scale irrigation agriculture, centralized coordination for management, storage and distribution - Urbanization and division of labour, specialization - Creation of cities, administration, crafts, trade and labour - Priests as administrators and rulers - Urbanization, class differentiation, slaves, labourers and citizens China - China ahead in technology, behind in natural philosophy - China was isolated by mountains, deserts and steppes - Sung dynasty (10 th -13 th century) rice agriculture, increasing population - Population spiked (estimated at 115-123 million), shifted south, urbanization increased (to 20% of population), leisured middle class Government
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course NATS 1800 taught by Professor Jfdksoa during the Spring '11 term at York University.

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L2 - Science Technology and China Agriculture Agriculture...

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