L4 - (weapons and armor), infectious diseases (decimating...

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SC-NATS 1840 Lecture 4 - Science, Technology and Colonial Expansion - Science and technology, colonial expansion - 15 th century Capitalism, international trade and European expansion, new resources and land - Technology (sailing ships, telescopes, clocks) and science (astronomy) and navigation, discovery and conquest, colonialism - ASIDE: Technology and Navigation o Mathematical equations: time, distance, angle, longitude or latitude o Angles (sextants), direction (compass), position (telescopes), time (mechanical clock) - Trade, conquest and colonization, population shifts, war and disease - Christopher Columbus, 1492, Francisco Pizzaro, 1532, Cajamarca, Peru - Inca Emperor Atahuallpa, 168 against 80,000 - Success attributed to efficiency and psychological impact of guns - 4-1/2 million sq km (Peru + Chile + Mexico + Ecuador), 504,782 sq kmSpain - Europeans advantages: Horses (combat, speed, endurance), steel
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Unformatted text preview: (weapons and armor), infectious diseases (decimating populations), centralized states (resources for colonization), writing + printing to gain information-Number and accuracy of guns, decreasing psychological impact-New world populations eventually adopted horse and guns-Combat advantages of horses: vantage point, defense of height, speed, maneuverability, armor-Horse collar, horse, stirrup, cavalry-Steel weapons versus quilted armor, steel armor-Smallpox, influenza, typhus and bubonic plague (95% of population) -Technology, science and sailing ships-Malaria, yellow fever and Europeans, Africa, India, SE Asia and New Guinea-Resources of centralized nation states, market wealth-Writing, inspiration, methods, maps, printing press-Poor communication, information, misconceptions, speed, precedent...
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course NATS 1800 taught by Professor Jfdksoa during the Spring '11 term at York University.

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