L9 - many qualities in one thing-Scientific forestry...

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NATS 1840 M - Lecture 10 - State Planning and the Legibility of Nature - Complex technological networks, people, institutions and resources - Need for state to address complex technologies - Epistemological claim: claim about knowledge: “Certain kinds of knowledge and control require a narrowing of vision” - Complexity, legibility, calculation and manipulation - Simplification and predictive power: centre of gravity - 18 th century German scientific forestry, manipulation of nature for profit - Timber as a fiscal resource, practical and local uses of flora and fauna left out - Simplification increases production but narrows benefits - Failure of large scale state social initiatives, unexpected consequences - Epistemological problem, local knowledge lost to legibility - Forest management was treated by the state as fiscal management, measurement needed to plan for profit - Synoptic view of nature, simplification one quality in many things rather than
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Unformatted text preview: many qualities in one thing-Scientific forestry manipulated nature to make it measurable or legible o reduction of biodiversity and symmetrical planting patterns o monocultures, pests, weather extremes, resilience o simplification of control o cheaper to clear o standardization, forecasts and reliability, public predictions, efficiency and speed o reduction of variety and centralized control, ease of long range planning o simplified forest and testing (simplification in science)-Costs: o Greater pest and weather impact on monocultures o Adoption of most productive species destroyed ecosystems, forests died off-In this case simplification cut out knowledge about biodiversity that led to loss of crop-In complex technological systems, like complex natural systems, unintended consequences to developments...
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