L13 - -Correlation between energy consumption and gross...

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NATS 1840 Lecture 14 – Utilities and Conservation Utilities and centralized, large-scale power production technologies Characteristics of generated electricity: o Long term storage of electricity is inefficient o Supply and demand of electricity have to be balanced o AC power can be broadcast over long distances o System access must be regulated and controlled o Electricity distribution, voltage and frequency maintenance o Electricity demand and unused capacity, monopoly system, base load and peak demand o Peak and idle time compensation in private market - Artificial shortages, price increases, deregulation and price spikes - Electricity demand not flexible - Transmission and distribution tend to monopoly due to long lead times and heavy capital demands - US, state-regulated private utilities, usually monopolies - Early 20 th century, utilities lowered costs, built extra capacity through improvements in technology (transmission, distribution, larger generators, higher temperatures and pressures, etc.), to encourage consumption
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Unformatted text preview: -Correlation between energy consumption and gross domestic product (the market value of all goods and services produced in a country), justification for expansion-970’s: limitation in technological improvements, oil crisis and power prices, environmental movement and the growth ideology-1973 Oil embargo, conservation popularity, conflict with standard utility focus on capacity growth -Conservation and the US counterculture movement, public intellectuals-Reducing consumption to introduce economic stability, encourage fair distribution of power, reduce reliance on foreign nations and reduce environmental damage-Alternative energy production strategies: zero energy growth, smaller-scale production, renewable energy systems and appropriate energy production technologies-Conservation and cumulative environmental damage-Conservation shift to broader issues-Economic arguments for conservation...
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course NATS 1800 taught by Professor Jfdksoa during the Spring '11 term at York University.

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