SC-NATS 1840F - lecture 4

SC-NATS 1840F - lecture 4 - SC NATS 1840 F Lecture 4 -...

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SC NATS 1840 F – Lecture 4 - Science, Technology and Colonial Expansion - We considered medieval hydraulic engineering, we now jump forwards to the 15 and 16 th centuries, we see how the combination of science and technology contributed to colonial expansion. - In the 15 th century European powers became more influential as they profited from the emergence of capitalism and international trade - Europe, however, was small, with increasing populations and demand for new goods and services, it became necessary to secure new resources and land to support growing populations - The technology of sailing ships combined with the tools and theory of navigation allowed the discovery and conquering of new lands, the securing of what were previously more limited resources, colonialism - ASIDE: Technology and Navigation o The telescope, the clock, the compass and the sextant all improved navigation o There are different ways to determine your position on the planet o Mathematical equations used in astronomy require variables: time, distance, angle, etc., to calculate longitude or latitude o Details of individual methods not as important as fact that each variable is unknown, you need values for these variables to solve equations o Tools existed to measure angles between celestial bodies and
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SC-NATS 1840F - lecture 4 - SC NATS 1840 F Lecture 4 -...

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