{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Dolbier HW Solutions 466 - 560 CARBOXYLIC ACID DERIVATIVES...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
( c ) Benzoic acid, benzoyl chloride, and benzoic anhydride have been prepared in parts ( a ) and ( b ) of this problem. Any of them could be converted to benzyl benzoate on reaction with benzyl alcohol. Thus the synthesis of benzyl benzoate requires the preparation of benzyl alcohol from toluene. This is effected by a nucleophilic substitution reaction of benzyl bromide, in turn pre- pared by halogenation of toluene. Alternatively, recall that primary alcohols may be obtained by reduction of the corresponding carboxylic acid. Then ( d ) Benzamide is prepared by reaction of ammonia with either benzoyl chloride from part ( a ) or benzoic anhydride from part ( b ). ( e ) Benzonitrile may be prepared by dehydration of benzamide. ( f ) Benzyl cyanide is the product of nucleophilic substitution by cyanide ion on benzyl bromide or benzyl chloride. The benzyl halides are prepared by free-radical halogenation of the toluene
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online