Chapter_06 - CHAPTER 6 INEQUALITY BY RACE AND ETHNICITY...

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CHAPTER 6 INEQUALITY BY RACE AND ETHNICITY CHAPTER OUTLINE THE PRIVLEGES OF THE DOMINANT THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF RACE AND ETHNICITY RACE AND ETHNICITY, AND MINORITY GROUPS Minority Groups Race Ethnicity IMMIGRATION AND NEW ETHNIC GROUPS EXPLAINING INEQUALITY BY RACE AND ETHNICITY The Functionalist View The Conflict Response The Interactionist Approach PATTERNS OF PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION Discriminatory Behavior Institutional Discrimination Measuring Discrimination 142
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LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. Define racial, ethnic, and minority groups. 2. Discuss the social construction of race. 3. Discuss prejudice and its correlation with racism. 4. Discuss discrimination and institutional discrimination, and their impact on social relations. 5. Identify the views of functionalism, conflict theory and interactionism regarding racial and ethnic inequality. CHAPTER SUMMARY White privilege is the other side of the proverbial coin of racial discrimination. Feminist scholar Peggy McIntosh discovered that being White has privileges attached that some take for granted. Sociologists frequently distinguish between racial, ethnic, and minority groups. Social construction of race refers to the process by which people come to define a group as a race based in part on physical characteristics and historical, cultural, and economic factors. The term racial group is used to describe a group that is set apart from others because of obvious physical differences. A minority group is a subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than members of a dominant group or majority group. Ethnic groups are set apart from others primarily because of their national origin or distinctive cultural patterns. Many White ethnics today identify only sporadically with their heritage. Symbolic ethnicity refers to an emphasis on such concerns as ethnic food or political issues rather than on ties to one’s ethnic heritage. Functionalists observe that racial prejudice and discrimination serve positive functions for dominant groups, whereas conflict theorists see the economic structure as a central factor in the exploitation of minorities. The interactionist view stresses the manner in which everyday contact between people from different racial and ethnic backgrounds contributes to tolerance or leads to hostility. Prejudice is a negative attitude toward an entire category of people. Racism is one important widespread form of prejudice that fosters a belief that one race is supreme to all others. Discrimination
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course SOCI 1113 taught by Professor Messer during the Summer '08 term at Oklahoma State.

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Chapter_06 - CHAPTER 6 INEQUALITY BY RACE AND ETHNICITY...

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