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Class%2025 - Personality Disorders OVERVIEW Models...

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Personality Disorders
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OVERVIEW Models Prevalence Clusters Descriptions Causes Treatments
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PERSONALITY DISORDER Enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself that is exhibited in a wide range of social and personal contexts Inflexible and maladaptive Causes functional impairment or may cause distress Begins by early adulhood
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MODELS Categorical Distinct entities Dimensional Degree/continuum
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PREVALENCE 1 -27% of General Population 10-30% of Inpatient Settings 2-10% of Outpatient Settings Gender Differences Vary by PD High Comorbidity
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CLUSTERS Cluster A: “odd/eccentric” Paranoid Schizoid Schizotypal Cluster B: “Dramatic/Erratic” Antisocial Borderline Histrionic Narcissistic Cluster C: “anxious/fearful” Avoidant Dependent Obsessive-Compulsive
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CLUSTER A Paranoid PD Description Pervasive distrust and suspicion Reads hidden threatening meaning into benign comments Misperceives attacks on character and reacts angrily Persistently bears grudges Causes Social learning Treatment Cognitive therapy focused on changing beliefs No evidence of effectiveness
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CLUSTER A Schizoid PD Description Pervasive social detachment
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course CLP 4144 taught by Professor Jeremypettit during the Spring '10 term at FIU.

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Class%2025 - Personality Disorders OVERVIEW Models...

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