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Class%2027 - Developmental Disorders Developmental Overview...

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Unformatted text preview: Developmental Disorders Developmental Overview Overview ADHD Learning and Communicative Disorders Pervasive Developmental Disorders Mental Retardation Pervasive Developmental Disorders Disorders Impact language, socialization, and cognition Pervasive Developmental Disorders Disorders Autistic Disorder Impairment in social interaction Nonverbal behaviors Failure to develop peer relationships Lack spontaneous seeking to share enjoyment, interests, Lack achievements with others achievements Lack social or emotional reciprocity Impairment in communication Impairment Delay in development of spoken language Impaired ability to initiate or sustain conversation Stereotyped and repetitive language Lack of make-believe play or social imitative play Pervasive Developmental Disorders Disorders Autistic Disorder Repetitive and Stereotyped Behavior Preoccupation with stereotyped and restricted interest Inflexible adherence to specific, nonfunctional rituals Stereotyped and repetitive motor behaviors Preoccupation with parts of objects Prevalence: 2-20 per 10,000 Causes: genetic and biological Pervasive Developmental Disorders Disorders Asperger’s Disorder Impaired social interaction Impaired social Nonverbal behaviors Failure to develop peer relations Lack spontaneous seeking to share enjoyment, interests, Lack achievements with others achievements Lack social or emotional reciprocity Repetitive and Stereotyped Behavior Preoccupation with stereotyped and restricted interest Inflexible adherence to specific, nonfunctional rituals Stereotyped and repetitive motor behaviors Preoccupation with parts of objects Pervasive Developmental Disorders Disorders Asperger’s Disorder Like Autism, but without language and Like cognitive delays cognitive Prevalence: 1-36 per 10,000 More common in boys Causes: genetic Pervasive Developmental Disorders Disorders Rett’s Disorder Progressive neurological deterioration among girls Symptoms: Constant hand-wringing , general motor Constant hand-wringing deterioration deterioration Increasingly severe mental retardation Social skills decline between ages 1 and 3 Normal early development Causes: probably linked to X chromosome Childhood Disintegrative Disorder Regression in language, adaptive behavior, motor skills after 2-4 Regression years of normal development years Probably neurological origin Pervasive Developmental Disorders Disorders Treatment Goals Enhance communication and daily living skills Enhance daily Reduce problem behaviors like tantrums and self-injury Psychosocial (Ferster & Lovaas) Teach basic skills via shaping and discrimination Teach shaping discrimination Communication Socialization 40+ hours a week of individual intervention Mental Retardation Mental Description Significantly subaverage intellectual functioning (IQ < 70) Deficits in adaptive functioning Deficits adaptive Onset prior to age 18 years 2-3% of population Levels Mild (IQ =55-70) (90% of all MR) Mild =55-70) Moderate (IQ = 35-55) Severe (IQ = 20-35) Profound (IQ < 20) Mental Retardation Mental Causes…many! Genetic PKU (certaind foods with cause brain damage) Down Syndrome Fragile X Syndrome Psychosocial Cultural-Familial (75% of all MR) Often Mild Treatment Adaptive living skills ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course CLP 4144 taught by Professor Jeremypettit during the Spring '10 term at FIU.

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