Review Test 2

Review Test 2 - Topics covered Anxiety disorders Anxiety vs...

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Topics covered Anxiety disorders Anxiety vs. fear o Anxiety: future-oriented, perceive possible threat, low physiologic activity, high cognitive activity, motives avoidance or preventative behaviors. o Fear: present-oriented, perceived certain threat, high physiologic activity, low cognitive activity, motives escape or defensive behaviors. o False Alarm: when you experience the alarm response of fear when there is nothing to be afraid of. Fight or flight response o Motivate protection or defense. o Liver releases sugar, adrenal gland releases norepinepherine, respiration rate increases, heart rate increases, vasodilatation/constriction, increased muscle tension, unnecessary body systems shut down. Anxiety vs. anxiety disorder o Everyone experiences anxiety. The differences are the amount of distress and the amount of interference in important aspects of daily life. Prevalence of anxiety disorders (study the percentage) o 2 nd most prevalent class of psychological disorders over one year period; almost 25% of the population will, at some time, have an anxiety disorder. The most prevalent if looking at any single point of time; over 17% of the population. Panic disorder criteria o One or more panic attacks, at least some unexpected or uncued, followed by at least one month of concern over having more panic attacks. Feeling of imminent doom and urge to escape, plus four or more of: heart palpitations, sweat, tremble, short of breath, chest pain/tightness, tingling sensations, fear of losing control, stomach distress, choking sensation, dizziness/lightheaded, derealization (you ask yourself if you are having a panic attack; you consider yourself as an observer), hot flashes/chills, fear of dying, fear of going crazy, o Prevalence: “Followed by at least one month of concern over having more panic attacks.” 1 in 3 college students will probably have a panic attack; only 3%-5% will develop panic disorder. o Causes: genetic contribution (specific and non-specific), biological and psychological vulnerabilities, and experiencing a panic attack. Anxiety sensitivity o People who tend to attend that a physical sensation might be a panic attack. Agoraphobia criteria
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o Anxiety about being in places where escape might be difficult in the event of: an unexpected or cued panic attack and panic-like symptoms including nausea, diarrhea, etc. situations are avoided or endured with marked distress. o Typical situations: being outside the home alone, crowds, malls, supermarkets, arenas, theatres, buses/public transportation, driving or being a passenger in a car, etc General Anxiety Disorder (GAD) criteria (cognitive therapy) o Excessive anxiety and worry, more days than not, for 6 months or more; difficult to control the worry; associated with 3 or more of: restlessness/Keyed-up, poor concentration, muscle tension, fatigue, irritability, and sleep problems. o
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course CLP 4144 taught by Professor Jeremypettit during the Spring '10 term at FIU.

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Review Test 2 - Topics covered Anxiety disorders Anxiety vs...

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