Transformational_Leadership_And_Performance Work System_Chapter2_Part9.docx - values in light of goals Positive safety culture reflects the association

Transformational_Leadership_And_Performance Work System_Chapter2_Part9.docx

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values in light of goals. Positive safety culture reflects the association of employeeperception of safety and the leader’s safety commitment. Safety culture is more oftenthan not, a factor that contributes to accidents (Weigmann, Von Thaden, & Gibbons,2007).In a related study, Alahmadi (2010) examined the organizational culture prevalent inSaudi hospitals to determine the level to which it supports patient safety. He revealedspecific risks to patient safety in the organizational climate of Saudi hospitals like thefrequent medical errors reported. Majority of the respondents (60%) stated that overallpatient safety in Saudi hospitals was excellent or very good. His study also revealed thatover half of the health professionals working in Saudi hospitals were convinced thatmanagement often ignored patient safety issues. The study’s major contribution was thatleadership is the key to the effectiveness of patient safety initiatives. A climate conduciveto reporting errors and effective communication could enhance patient safety and for this,a strong and sensible leadership is required (Alahmadi, 2010).Attitudes may be a reflection of culture and climate, but operationalizing them into ageneralizable paradigm that can be expansively employed is still a challenge. The lack ofa general definition of safety culture and safety climate (Wiegmann et al., 2004) adds tothe challenge in explaining the absolute impact of leadership on them. As investigatorsattempt at linking ultimate outcome measurements (rates of injury and lost work days)with leadership behaviors, and safety climate and culture as intermediaries, the potentialfor error heightens. It can be stated that the final test of whether or not leadershipbehaviors affect safety performance is if the statistical significant difference in safety
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