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Nativism - Nativism Ethnic Conflict and Ethno-Cultural...

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Nativism Ethnic Conflict and Ethno-Cultural Issues
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Anglo-Saxonism Myth of Anglo-Saxon a way to create a community of emotion to transcend the real ethnic, regional, and class differences between white Americans U.S. had “Manifest Destiny” to spread its institutions and racial characteristics across North America and all over the world Anglo-Saxon = Freedom Loving = Protestant = Republican = free market economy
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Anti-Catholicism Roots in English nationalism: Henry VIII broke away from Rome; Bloody Mary; Guy Fawkes Day; English Revolution; Glorious Revolution of 1688 Association with reactionary Europe Pope Pius IX (1846-78) led reaction against secular liberalism 1852 first Plenary Council of American bishops decided to seek support for parochial schools or tax relief—placing themselves at odds with common school movement led by Horace Mann and other Whig reformers
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Ethno-Cultural Issues Temperance Urban slums and The Sanitary Awakening Democratic political bosses
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Defensiveness of Catholic Leaders "There is no secret about this. The object we hope to accomplish in time, is to convert the Pagan nations, and all Protestant nations, even England with her proud Parliament and imperial sovereign. There is no secret in all this. It is the commission of God to his church, and not a human project . . . . Protestantism pretends to have discovered a great secret. Protestantism startles our eastern cities occasionally on the intention of the Pope with regard tot he Valley of the Mississippi, and dreams that it has made a wonderful discovery. Not at all. Everybody should know it. Everybody should know that we have for our mission to convert the world--including the inhabitants of the United States--the people of the cities, and the people of the country, the officers of the navy and the marines, commanders of the army, the Legislatures, the Senate, the Cabinet, the President, and all!" Archbishop John Hughes, St. Patrick’s Cathedral, November, 1850
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Samuel F. B. Morse " . . . in an instant, without the slightest notice, my hat
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