Foodborne Illness- Part III without Viruses

Foodborne Illness- Part III without Viruses - Foodborne...

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Foodborne Illness – Part III Harrison FDST 4030/6030 1 Foodborne Illness – Part III Foodborne Viruses Foodborne Parasites Mycotoxins Outbreaks of foodborne disease reported to CDC by year and etiology Etiology 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2006 Bacterial 138 155 257 222 223 235 226 295 Chemical 36 46 48 32 37 52 46 66 Parasitic 4 8 4 3 6 5 5 12 Viral 18 49 59 109 176 156 205 511 Unknown 406 548 946 976 969 783 838 363 Total 602 806 1314 1344 1414 1238 1332 1270 http://www.cdc.gov/foodborneoutbreaks/us_outb.htm Parasites: Acquired via: water, produce, meats Protozoa: One celled organisms Nematoda: tubular, round worms Cestoda: tapeworm Trematoda: fluke Helminths Harrison FDST 4030/6030 Parasites Cryptosporidium - severe watery diarrhea but may, alternatively, be asymptomatic; pulmonary and tracheal cryptosporidiosis associated with coughing and low-grade fever; often severe intestinal distress. Cyclospora - watery diarrhea, loss of appetite, weight loss, cramping, bloating, increased gas, nausea, fatigue; symptoms can last for weeks and can reoccur Giardia - diarrhea within 1 week of ingestion of the cyst; normally illness lasts for 1 to 2 weeks, but chronic cases lasting months to years occur; chronic cases are difficult to treat. Harrison FDST 4030/6030 Parasites Trichinosis (Trichinellosis) – Nausea, Diarrhea, Vomiting, Abdominal pain, Headaches, Fatigue, etc. Toxoplasmosis flu-like" symptoms Mother-to-child (congenital) –miscarriage, a stillborn child, a child born with signs of toxoplasmosis (e.g., abnormal enlargement or smallness of the head), Infants infected before birth often show no symptoms at birth but develop them later in life with potential vision loss, mental disability, and seizures.
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course FDST 4030 taught by Professor Harrison during the Fall '11 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Foodborne Illness- Part III without Viruses - Foodborne...

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