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Unformatted text preview: Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 29, No. 5, 2010, pp. 489-509 489 Address correspondence to Lora Park, Department of Psychology, 206 Park Hall, University at Buffalo, SUNY, Buffalo, NY 14260; E-mail: [email protected] AP EARANCE REJECTION SENSITIVITY PARK ET AL. APPEARANCE-BASED REJECTION SENSITIVITY PREDICTS BODY DYSMORPHIC DISORDER SYMPTOMS AND COSMETIC SURGERY ACCEPTANCE LORA E. PARK University at Buffalo, The State University of New York RACHEL M. CALOGERO University of Kent ARIANA F. YOUNG AND ANN MARIE DIRADDO University at Buffalo, The State University of New York Appearance-based Rejection Sensitivity (Appearance-RS) is the dispositional ten- dency to anxiously expect, readily perceive, and overreact to rejection based on one’s physical appearance. The present research examined associations among Appearance-RS, self-reported symptoms of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), and motivations underlying acceptance of cosmetic surgery among a sample of American college students. Appearance-RS predicted greater self-reported BDD symptoms and endorsement of cosmetic surgery for both intrapersonal and social reasons. Results remained significant even after controlling for appearance satis- faction, fear of negative evaluation, general rejection sensitivity, and depressive symptoms. This research therefore highlights the importance of considering indi- vidual differences in sensitivity to appearance rejection when examining body image disturbances, such as self-reported symptoms of BDD, and reasons for en- dorsing cosmetic surgery. 490 PARK ET AL. Physical attractiveness plays an important role in Western societies (Bartky, 2003; Calogero, Boroughs, & Thompson, 2007; Dion, Ber- scheid, & Walster, 1972). Physically attractive people are perceived more favorably and experience significant advantages in employ- ment and in other areas of life than those who are viewed as less physically attractive (Berscheid & Walster, 1974; Eagly, Ashmore, Makhijani, & Longo, 1991; Hosoda, Stone-Romero, & Coats, 2003; Langlois, Kalakanis, Rubentein, Larson, Hallam, & Smoot, 2000). Individuals who fail to meet cultural standards of attractiveness are often teased, stigmatized, and discriminated against (Calogero, Herbozo, & Thompson, 2009; Crandall, 1994; Jones & Crawford, 2006; Puhl & Brownell, 2001) and may come to experience height- ened sensitivity to rejection based on their physical appearance (Park, DiRaddo, & Calogero, 2009). Although it is common for people to feel dissatisfied with their ap- pearance from time to time, individuals who are sensitive to appear- ance rejection, or have high Appearance-based Rejection Sensitivity (Appearance-RS; Park, 2007), may experience appearance concerns that border on excessive and lead to distress or interference with daily activities. Specifically, individuals with high Appearance-RS may be at risk for displaying symptoms of more extreme forms of body image disturbance, such as that characterized by Body Dys-...
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course PSY 3335 taught by Professor Osborne during the Summer '10 term at Texas State.
- Summer '10
- Clinical Psychology