review2 - PSY 4322 Exam 2 Study Guide The exam will cover...

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1 PSY 4322 – Exam 2 Study Guide The exam will cover material from both the lectures and the text (Chapters 5-8). Although much overlap exists between the two, some of the topics listed may be from either the lectures or text only. Below, the underlined sections corresponds to the individual lectures, the arrow bullets correspond to the major headings on the lectures slides, the associated pages from the text appear in parentheses after the arrow bullets, and key terms are typed in italics. Note that you should not just memorize the material, but understand it and be able to apply it to other situations, as done in the lectures and text. Drugs, Addiction, and Reward h Psychoactive drugs (pp. 124-135) o General mechanisms of action (know how the following types of drugs work) s Agonists s Antagonists o Particular drugs (know the psychological effects, relative addiction potential, & specific mechanisms of action for the following drugs) s Opiates Morphine Codeine Heroin s Stimulants Cocaine Amphetamines Nicotine Caffeine s Depressants Alcohol Barbiturates Benzodiazepines s Psychedelics LSD MDMA PCP s Marijuana h Addiction (pp. 124-125, 136-148) o Key terms (know what the following terms refer to) s Addiction s Withdrawal s Tolerance o Mesolimbocortical dopamine system (know the following components of this system, s Ventral tegmental area s Medial forebrain bundle s Nucleus accumbens s Prefrontal cortex o Treating addiction (know how the following treatments work) s Agonist treatment s Antagonist treatment s Antidrug vaccines s Aversive treatments s Reward interference s Reward activation o Heritability of addiction (know how the following genes are related to addiction) s Receptor genes s Metabolism genes
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2 Motivation and the Regulation of Internal States h Motivation & homeostasis (pp. 156-161) o Theories of motivation (know the tenets of the following theories) s Instinct theory s Drive theory s Incentive theory s Arousal theory o Homeostatic drives s Preoptic area of hypothalamus (know the role of this area)
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review2 - PSY 4322 Exam 2 Study Guide The exam will cover...

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