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Supplement_-_Oral-History-Guidelines-webdoc

Supplement_-_Oral-History-Guidelines-webdoc - .,butoral...

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Oral History Guidelines Some tips for students doing interviews Oral history is a picture of the past in people’s own words. Today it is associated with tape-recorded interviews, but oral  history is as old as humanity. The Interviewer: To get the best results as an interviewer, you must try to: be understanding and sympathetic; show interest and respect for the person and what they know; listen carefully, not asking questions that have already been answered; not impose your own ideas and opinions. Preparation: Know the purpose of the interview. Are you interested in a person’s life, a place, an object, an event or a theme such as  migration? Find out as much as you can about the topic beforehand. This will help you to ask useful questions, and  convince the interviewee that you have a genuine interest in the topic. Preliminary Contact: Contact your subject before the day of the interview; this will help  both  of you to be prepared. Explain the purpose of the  interview and the sort of information you want to find out. Ask about photos, objects, newspaper cuttings etc so they can  hunt them out before the interview. Legal Release: Legal releases are an essential part of oral history. They confirm to the interviewer and the interviewee that the  information will be used in an agreed way. A simple release might look like this: I, … (Interviewee’s name)… give my permission to … (name of interviewer or project)… to use this interview, or part  of it, for research, publication and/or broadcasting (delete one of these if required) and for copies to lodged in … (name of library or archive)… for the use of other bona fide researchers.
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