APUSH_CRAP_Test_Rubric - Chapter 1 KT P Canadian Shield First part of the North American landmass to emerge above sea level Incas Highly advanced South

APUSH_CRAP_Test_Rubric - Chapter 1 KT P Canadian Shield...

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Chapter 1 KT+P Canadian Shield: First part of the North American landmass to emerge above sea level. Incas: Highly advanced South American civilization that occupied present-day Peru until they were conquered by Spanish forces under Francisco Pizarro in 1532. The Incas developed sophisticated agricultural techniques, such as terrace farming, in order to sustain large, complex societies in the unforgiving Andes Mountains. Aztecs: Native American empire that controlled present-day Mexico until 1521, when they were conquered by Spanish Hernan Cortes. The Aztecs maintained control over their vast empire through a system of trade and tribute and came to be known for their advances in mathematics and writing, and their use of human sacrifices in religious ceremonies. Nation-States: a form of political organization in which a group of people who share the same history, traditions, or language lives in a particular area under one government Cahokia: Mississippian settlement near present-day East St. Louis, home to as many as 25,000 Native Americans. Three-Sister Farming: Agricultural system employed by North American Indians as early as 1000 A.D.; maize, beans, and squash were grown together to maximize yields. Middlemen: In trading systems, those dealers who operate between the original producers of goods and the retail merchants who sell to consumers. After the eleventh century, European exploration was driven in large part by a desire to acquire alluring Asian goods without paying heavy tolls to Muslim middlemen. Caravel: Small regular vessel with a high deck and three triangular sails. Caravels could sail more closely into the wind, allowing European sailors to explore the Western shores of Africa, previously made inaccessible due to prevailing winds on the homeward journey. Plantation: Large-scale agricultural enterprise growing commercial crops and usually employing coerced or slave labor. European settlers established plantations in Africa, South America, the Caribbean, and the American south. Columbian Exchange: The transfer of goods, crops, and diseases between New and Old World societies after 1492. Treaty of Tordesillas: Signed by Spain and Portugal, dividing the territories of the New World. Spain received the bulk of territory in the Americas, compensating Portugal with titles to lands in Africa and Asia. Conquistadores: Sixteenth-century Spaniards who fanned out across the Americas, from Colorado to Argentina, eventually conquering the Aztec and Incan empires.
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Capitalism: Economic system characterized by private property, generally free trade, and open and accessible markets. European colonization of the Americas, and in particular, the discovery of vast bullion deposits, helped bring about Europe's transition to capitalism.
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  • Fall '19
  • Plymouth Colony, Native Americans in the United States, Massachusetts, Massachusetts Bay Colony, James I of England

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