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Unformatted text preview: European Society, Politics, and Culture (ca. 1450) a. Agricultural Society not unlike Native American tribes, European society was by and large an agrarian society up until almost the 18th century; most people lived in the countryside; most people farmed & worked the land for landowners; yes there were large urban centers Paris, London, Rome but most people were peasants Ruralpeasants worked the fields for landowners; major crop was wheat (they called it corn, not to be confused with North American corn/maize) o Colombian Exchange Europe was introduced to new products which became its staples: corn, potatoes, o Native Americans received horses, Paris, London (100,000) Guilds (merchant/artisan) make up the middle class (about 10-12%); called bourgeoisie in France, the burgess in England, the middle class today; had some power o Though they had SOME power, most power was centralized in the form of the monarch; the aristocracy in turn served the monarch; these elite few held all the power; comprised roughly...
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course HISTORY AMH2010 taught by Professor Rowan during the Spring '11 term at FIU.
- Spring '11