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for midterm - For Midterm I Imperial Policy Radicalism and...

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For Midterm: February 28, 2011 I. Imperial Policy, Radicalism, and the collapse of the Anglo American Relationship George III (r. 1760-1820) o Britain is a constitutional monarchy; this means that the king has power, but the parliament runs the government o Under 1% of people could vote; England was an aristocratic society ruled by major landowners o This collapse occurs under George III; the first two Georges were more German, relied primarily on Cabinet o George III was different; he was very very British; despised Germany frankly; grew up in England; was educated in English o Did not rely on one single party; worked with whichever party would serve the country better (a noble pursuit at the time); led to conflict between the Whigs and the Tories who fought for the king’s favor o During 18 th centuries, the Whigs tended to be the party of power o Winner of 7 Years’ War were Prussia, but more so England; gained a vast amount of land in the New World 1763 – standing army of 85 regiments – 10,000 men o During the height of the 7 Yrs’ War, had 25,000 troops including colonial militiamen; that’s a good deal of troops and a good deal of money o Even today, the Prime Minister is referred to as the First Lord of the Treasury (Chancellor of Exchequer is really in charge of treasury) o Had to send in more troops to protect their winnings George Grenville, 1 st Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister) o Wanted to raise about 200,000 pounds; a good deal of money back then o George’s idea was to tax the colonies to order to pay the new regiments it formed
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o In high school, they probably focused on these mean nasty taxes as the cause of the error (probably throwing the popular phrase, “no taxation without representation”); however, what was more influential was the subversion of the king by Parliament (influenced colonists to subvert them) o After the 7 Years’ War, empirical ideology changes (before colonial rule was very lackadaisical on Britain’s part); now they give more power to colonial governors than ever before o
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