Jeffersonian Presidency

Jeffersonian Presidency - Federalists o 16 new judgeships;...

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Jeffersonian Presidency 1801-1825 – “Virginia dynasty” Jefferson; James Madison; and James Monroe (2 terms each) Reverse Federalist policies; support Western expansion – these 2 things were their main goals o Just because presidency were held by Republicans doesn’t mean that Federalists were out of the picture; there was one branch of government that they still had a hold of Federalist judiciary – how long do Supreme Court justices have to serve in office? For life! (tenure for life) o Supreme Court appointments are so attested at times that o The way the Federalist judges were able to impact the government was through… Judiciary Act 1801 – expanded the size of the judiciary as well as the federal bureaucracy o What is a bureaucracy? Very important word in modern society; FIU has a bureaucracy; the people who carried out the laws/rules made e From French word “bureau” which means “desk”; they don’t make the laws; simply carry them out o By expanding federal bureaucracy, you create more jobs for people, jobs that were filled by
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Unformatted text preview: Federalists o 16 new judgeships; 6 more circuit courts Adams midnight appointees term often ascribed to this set of Federalist appointees; Adams appointed these men to office right before midnight, before his term was done John Marshall, Chief justice of Supreme Court Federalist 1803 Marbury v. Madison court claims the power of judicial review (not explicitly stated in Constitution) o Supreme court has the right to decide whether a law state, federal, etc is constitutional; that is a very important power; now, the Supreme Court can decide whether the Sedition Acts were o Court does not have enforcement power but they can claim the law to be unconstitutional William Marbury (appointee) - Madison sec. of state; refuse to deliver commission Judiciary Act of 1789 Judicial/constitutional review Challenge Republican view; power of state legislators...
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course HISTORY AMH2010 taught by Professor Rowan during the Spring '11 term at FIU.

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Jeffersonian Presidency - Federalists o 16 new judgeships;...

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