Jeffersonian Presidency

Jeffersonian Presidency - Federalists o 16 new judgeships 6...

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Jeffersonian Presidency 1801-1825 – “Virginia dynasty” Jefferson; James Madison; and James Monroe (2 terms each) Reverse Federalist policies; support Western expansion – these 2 things were their main goals o Just because presidency were held by Republicans doesn’t mean that Federalists were out of the picture; there was one branch of government that they still had a hold of Federalist judiciary – how long do Supreme Court justices have to serve in office? For life! (tenure for life) o Supreme Court appointments are so attested at times that o The way the Federalist judges were able to impact the government was through… Judiciary Act 1801 – expanded the size of the judiciary as well as the federal bureaucracy o What is a bureaucracy? Very important word in modern society; FIU has a bureaucracy; the people who carried out the laws/rules made e From French word “bureau” which means “desk”; they don’t make the laws; simply carry them out o By expanding federal bureaucracy, you create more jobs for people, jobs that were filled by
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Unformatted text preview: Federalists o 16 new judgeships; 6 more circuit courts • Adams “midnight appointees” – term often ascribed to this set of Federalist appointees; Adams appointed these men to office right before midnight, before his term was done • John Marshall, Chief justice of Supreme Court – Federalist • 1803 Marbury v. Madison – court claims the power of judicial review (not explicitly stated in Constitution) o Supreme court has the right to decide whether a law – state, federal, etc – is constitutional; that is a very important power; now, the Supreme Court can decide whether the Sedition Acts were o Court does not have enforcement power but they can claim the law to be unconstitutional • William Marbury (appointee) - • Madison – sec. of state; refuse to deliver commission • Judiciary Act of 1789 • Judicial/constitutional review • Challenge Republican view; power of state legislators...
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Jeffersonian Presidency - Federalists o 16 new judgeships 6...

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