Slavery and Society 1800-1860

Slavery and Society - The South Slavery and Society 1800-1860 1800-1860 Western Migration o West had slaves but not the amount of the aristocratic

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The South: Slavery and Society, 1800-1860 1800-1860 – Western Migration o West had slaves but not the amount of the aristocratic South & Chesapeake region Mobile Planter society West – slave planter society? By 1840 – market revolution “Cotton is king!’ 1.5 million bales per year 2/3 rd world supply o Other places came from India & Egypt for example o Obviously, this product was in high demand & the South gained much wealth as a result of this. Slavery o As we can see, this is the beginning of slavery. The border of west Georgia (initially) was as far west as it went in 1790) Chesapeake – Tobacco Carolina Low Country – rice Louisiana – sugar KY/TN – Hemp MS; AL TX – cotton Domestic slave trade 1790 – 18 asdf asdf asdf 1860 we can see it go down to MO, hence MO Compromise; fed gov. will play a big role in expansion Fed Gov. promote expansion; 3 reasons: o LA purchase (1803) o Removal of native Americans in SE (1830s) Andrew Jackson plays a big role in this area; Jacksonian diplomacy was just that – relocating o Annexing Texas/Mex territories (1840s) Plantation elite – about 10% only were of this section; most people were merely yeoman farmers; o the other 50% only owned a few slaves Class/race hierarchical system – very strict system; Traditional aristocracy (paternalism) – 10% from Cheseapeake region; had very different view of slavery (paternalists); considered themselves to be the fathers of their flock o as horrible as slavery was and is, they had more of a caregiving attitude toward their slaves o but we also had a different system in the form of the deep south Cotton/sugar planters in deep south (market- driven entrepreneurs) – much more harshly run because profit motive was driving force; o brutality in slavery was more pronounced in Deep South than in Chesapeake o even though we had this hierarchy and great difference between these differences, the South was still largely agrarian o Even though many people that for the South in Civil War had no economic gain Keep in mind one of the reasons that they fought was simply out of racism; racism was a significant part of gthe issue if u were a poor Southern white in the South, u were still better than a slave in this system; if this system collapses, ur back to being nothing & have to compete for job opportunities [NEW PPT] Impending Crisis: 1820-1860 popular politics – expansion of franchise (democratic rev) o the politicians the replace the dying breed of politicians (largely republican/ aristocratic) are much more democratic and professional, and slightly more mudslinging 1820s – most states universal white male suffrage rise of political party machines o political parties become more important; although we’ll see them split up as a result of tensions approaching the Civil War martin Van buren – NY
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o controlled political party machines; the
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course HISTORY AMH2010 taught by Professor Rowan during the Spring '11 term at FIU.

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Slavery and Society - The South Slavery and Society 1800-1860 1800-1860 Western Migration o West had slaves but not the amount of the aristocratic

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